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Weapons Of Karabakh War: Soviet’s R-17 Elbrus Ballistic Missile

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Weapons Of Karabakh War: Soviet's R-17 Elbrus Ballistic Missile

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The Soviet R-17 Elbrus ballistic missile is more commonly known in the West as the Scud-B.

The R-17 Elbrus or SS-1 Scud-B became operational in 1962 as the upgrade to the Scud-A and was operational in other European and Middle Eastern countries by 1965.

The Scud-B uses a liquid stage-single propellant engine and has a range of 300 km.

The Scud-B is fired from a mobile truck Transport-Erector-Launcher (TEL). The firing sequence for the Scud B usually takes one hour.

The missile is over 11 m long. Its maximum diameter is 0.8 m.

Its empty weight is just over 2 000 kg. Once fuelled it weights 5 862 kg. Warhead weights nearly 1 000 kg.

These missiles have nuclear (100 kT), high explosive (1 016 kg), chemical (985 kg) and thermobaric warheads. Maximum range of fire is 300 km.

Once launched missile reaches its target within 5 minutes. Minimum range of fire is 50 km.

The Scud missile has inertial guidance. By modern standards this missile is inaccurate.

Its CEP is about 450 m.

Weapons Of Karabakh War: Soviet's R-17 Elbrus Ballistic Missile

Click to see the full-size image

The Scud-B is based on a MAZ-543A heavy high-mobility wheeled chassis. Vehicle is powered by a 38.9-liter diesel engine, developing 525 hp. It is a standard tank engine. Vehicle has a maximum speed of 45 km/h on roads and 15 km/h over rough terrain.

Each launcher vehicle is escorted by a whole host of support vehicle. It is escorted by reloading vehicle, fuel tanker, crane, command vehicle, positioning vehicle, and some other support vehicles. Also there is a vehicle which carries warhead for the missile. During the cold war Scuds were also escorted by decontamination vehicles.

The Scud-B has long since been decommissioned by the Russian military, yet, the missile has spread to dozens of countries around the world. Some countries even began manufacturing their own version of the Russian Scud-B.

Armenia still uses the outdated R-17 Elbrus, and it is one of the weapons it used to target Azerbaijani military facilities far from the frontline, together with the Tochka.

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