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The LYNX is a multiple rocket launcher system (MLRS) developed and manufactured by Israel Military Industries (IMI) and used by Israel Defense Forces and other countries.
These other countries notably include Azerbaijan, which is currently using the system in the war for Nagorno-Karabakh for Armenia.
It can be configured to carry a variety of rockets in two sealed pod containers:
- 40 (2 pods x 20 rockets each) 122mm Grad rockets;
- 26 (2×13) 160mm LAR-160 or ACCULAR rockets;
- 8 (2×4) 306mm EXTRA rockets;
- 4 (2×2) Predator Hawk tactical ballistic missiles;
- 2 (2×1) Delilah missiles.
In addition to the EXTRA artillery missiles that Azerbaijan has, the Azerbaijan Lynx MLRS uses 122 mm launcher pods of the Turkish T-122 Sakarya.
This is a standard pod contains 20 Grad rockets.
The standard Grad 122 mm rocket is 2.87 m long and weights 66 kg. It has a maximum range of 21 km. This rocket system is also compatible with newly-developed 122 mm rockets.
Rocket pods are packed and factory-sealed. These double as transport containers and launchers. IMI rocket pods are disposable after launch, while the BM-21 Grad pods can be reloaded manually. These are the least capable and are mainly used for training.
The LYNX MLRS features a fully autonomous ballistic calculation and launch capabilities.
The IMI Lynx can operate autonomously or integrated with larger artillery formations. The system has a fast reaction time and can launch its rockets within several minutes from travelling. A full salvo can be launched directly from the cab, or remotely from the vehicle.
The Lynx multiple launch rocket system is mounted on the KamAZ-6350 8×8 heavy utility truck chassis. It is powered by a turbocharged diesel engine, developing 360 hp.
The Lynx mobile launcher is supported by a reloading vehicle, fitted with a crane. This vehicle carries four rockets pods (two sets of reloads). Reloading usually takes place well away from firing position, to avoid counter-battery fire. Full reloading of the pods takes less than 10 minutes.
There is also a, presumably, more sophisticated MLRS called the Naiza, which was developed by IMI under an order by the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan.
MORE ON THE TOPIC:
- Weapons Of Karabakh War: Israel’s EXTRA Artillery Rocket System And The Rampage
- Weapons Of Karabakh War: Soviet’s R-17 Elbrus Ballistic Missile