A military parade dedicated to 72 anniversary of Indonesian Army took place in Cilegon, Indonesia on October 5, 2017. During the parade a new prototype Kaplan MT (Medium Tank) tank was demonstrated. It was developed by the Turkish FNSS Savunma Sistemleri and Indonesian state-owned enterprise PT Pindad for the Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT) program, as it weighs 35 tonnes.
The development began in accordance with the agreement signed by the companies back in 2014. The tank is mainly intended for use by the Indonesian Army. Design was initialized in early 2016, with FNSS assuming the bulk of the development. The tower is mounted on the new generation Kaplan full-tracked chassis developed by FNSS, which is similar to the chassis previously used in a new IFV FNSS Kaplan 30.
The first prototype was built by FNSS and demonstrated with a mock-up turret at the IDEF-2017 defence industry fair in Istanbul in early May 2017. The second FNSS prototype without the turret was transported from Turkey to Indonesia by plane on September 23. The CMI-3105HP Cockerill 3000 tower with a 105mm cannon, both made by Belgian CMI Defence, was mounted on the chassi at PT Pindad facility in Bandung. This was the prototype that was shown in Cilegon on October 5.
According to the 2014 agreement with CMI Defence, PT Pindad will manufacture Cockerill 3000 towers in two variants: CS90LP with a 90mm cannon (for the Badak 6×6 armored vehicles) and CMI-3105HP with a 105mm cannon (for Kaplan MTs and Pandur II 8×8 armored vehicles). Despite this the prototype had a Belgian-imported tower installed. It is safe to assume that the chassi will also be manufactured by FNSS.
According to FNSS spokespersons, Kaplan MTs as they are right now are not yet ready for production, and may be changed significantly subsequent to the results of general tests. A prototype is planned to be developed for a destruction test.
The tank is traditionally equipped. The running gear has six wheels per side and torsion-bar-type suspension. The body frame is made from steel armor. It also features composite armor and mine protection. The transmission is automatic. There is no information about the engine, although we can estimate a 700 hp one. The maximum speed on roadway is 70 kph (~43 mph), and fuel distance is 450 km (~280 ml). The tank also features a secondary diesel propulsor.
Kaplan MT is 7m long, 3.2m wide, and 2.7m tall (~23 x 10 x 7 ft).
The tank is crewed by three people. The CMI-3105HP CMI Defense developed tower features a 7.62mm caliber machine gun and 12-shot 105mm cannon with 30 shots inside the machine. The cannon is compatible with NATO 105 tank shells.
The doubled aiming system for the commander and for the spotter is digital, with thermal and regular 360 cameras. The tank also features smoke grenade launchers, a WMD defense system, an air conditioning and a fire safety system.
According to PT Pindad, the Army needs 300 tank units, with the supposed first order for 100 tank units.