On May 6, Obretix, a Twitter defense blogger, shared satellite images of a Turkish MIM-23 Hawk medium-range air defense system in the northwestern Syrian region of Greater Idlib.
The system is currently deployed in a military camp in the vicinity of the town of Almastumah in southern Idlib. Three M-192 launchers of the system, each armed with three missiles, can be seen in the images.
— Samir (@obretix) May 23, 2020
Almastumah is located less than 12 km from the frontline with Syrian Arab Army (SAA) troops in southern Idlib. From there, the Hawk system, which has a range of up to 45 km, covers most of Greater Idlib as well as a large swath of government-held territory.
Turkey deployed at least one Hawk system in Greater Idlib last March. The system entered the Syrian region through the Bab al-Hawa border crossing.
The Hawk system deployed in Greater Idlib is likely modernized to the XXI standard. 16 modernized systems were in service with the Air Defense Command of the Turkish Air Force (TAF).
Air defense sytstems deployed by Turkey will pose a threat to Syrian and Russian warplanes in in the case any new confrontation in Greater Idlib. However, its position, which is too close to the frontline, makes it vulnerable for counter-actions of the Syrian military and its backers.