On August 28, Obretix, a Twitter defense blogger, shared satellite image revealing that Syria had deployed an air-defense system on Lebanon territory.
The image shows a Soviet-made 2K12 Kub medium-range air-defense system of the Syrian Air Defense Force (SyADF) deployed on the Syrian and Lebanese sides of a mountainous area located north of the Jdaidit Yabws border crossing, and to the west of the town of al-Zabadani.
The system consists of a SURN 1S91 target acquisition and distribution radar along with four 2P25 transporter erector launchers.
— Samir (@obretix) August 28, 2020
In the last few months, Israeli warplanes launched several attacks on military bases in central and western Syria from Lebanon’s airspace. This justifies the Syrian decision to deploy air-defense systems as close as possible to the border with Lebanon, which has not been officially demarcated yet.
The 2K12 Kub, dubbed the “three fingers of death,” has a range of 25 km. The SyADF operated over a 100 Kub system prior to the outbreak of the war.
While the system poses no real threat to the advanced warplanes of the Israeli Air Force, it can be very effective when used against drones and cruise missiles. In 2018, the system was one of several used by the SyADF to repel a missile strike by France, the UK and the U.S.