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Special Forces Of The Iranian Armed Forces

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Special Forces Of The Iranian Armed Forces

ILLUSTRATIVE IMAGE

Written by Colonel N. Turchin; Originally appeared at Foreign Military Review 2020 #11, translated by AlexD exclusively for SouthFront

The Special Forces (SF) are assigned a key role in the conduct of hostilities in accordance with the concept of the use of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) “Asymmetric Warfare”.

The SF of the Armed Forces of Iran are structures that control the hotbeds of military tension in neighbouring states, ensure surprise combat operations and the destruction of the most important enemy objects. They are able to exert a flexible force and psychological impact on the enemy, allow for a reduction in the combat effectiveness of its Air Force grouping within a set timeframe, damage the military, economic and moral capacities of the enemy.

The Special Forces are not a separate branch of the Armed Forces, but are part of the Army, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), the Law Enforcement Forces (LEF) and the Ministry of Information. Unlike the special forces units of other countries, the Iranian formations solve a wider range of tasks. This depends primarily on belonging to a particular component of the Armed Forces, the point of permanent deployment, the sector of operational purpose, and other factors. In the classic form, there are no SF units that perform only reconnaissance and special tasks.

The main tasks of the Special Forces of the Armed Forces of Iran are:

  • information collection on the armed forces of neighbouring states, in areas of conflict and crises;
  • reconnaissance and sabotage operations in the rear of the enemy;
  • disruption of communications and communication lines of the enemy armed forces;
  • conducting sabotage, subversive and psychological operations behind enemy lines;
  • the fight against illicit trafficking of narcotic substances;
  • countering terrorism;
  • evacuation of Iranian citizens and missions from crisis areas;
  • security and protection of the command of the Armed Forces, important state and political figures.

The command of the Iranian Armed Forces distinguishes five types of special operations, each of which involves the performance of certain typical tasks: intelligence and sabotage actions; subversive actions; special actions; actions to ensure the security of the state; securing actions.

Reconnaissance and sabotage actions include: obtaining information about the enemy, conducting sabotage, determining the coordinates of the stationary objects, correcting artillery fire and missile strikes, destroying the enemy’s state and military facilities.

Subversive actions are based on the use of guerrilla tactics and are carried out by groups (detachments) of SF in areas where important enemy targets are located.

Special actions are intended for seize samples of weapons and military equipment, important documents, as well as high-ranking military and political figures, the release of prisoners of war and hostages, the fight against the production and transportation of drugs, as well as for anti-terrorist activities

Iran’s security measures include the following: neutralisation of separatist and “anti-regime” groups, including the destruction of bases, warehouses, shelters, infiltration of militants, control and surveillance of the local population; the opening of intelligence networks and underground organisations; fighting and raiding operations in border provinces; and stopping the supply of weapons from abroad.

Supporting actions are the beginning of the preparation of special operations, but they can also be carried out in peacetime. They include conducting reconnaissance in the interests of formations and units of the SF, insertion of groups and detachments of the SF into the enemy’s rear, combat and logistics support, training combat formations, conducting psychological operations.

The formations of the SF of the Iranian Armed Forces (especially the “Quds”) are constantly engaged in combat in the Middle East: soldiers of the “Quds” are located in Syria, prepare representatives of the Shi’ite minorities in Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the Syrian territory, militia units have been created that participate in the fighting on the side of the Syrian troops.

In addition, it is believed that the Shi’ite Hezbollah movement in Lebanon was able to gain influence in the country’s government and security agencies thanks to the support of Iran. In Iraq, the SF forces are trying to establish friendly relations with local Shi’ites and Iraqi Kurds, in Yemen they actively support the Houthis who are fighting against the Saudi coalition, in Afghanistan they are in contact with the Islamic Movement of the Taliban, in the Palestinian Gaza Strip, with the Islamic Resistance Movement Hamas.

In addition, the reconnaissance and sabotage actions of the SF groups force the potential enemy to “disperse” their forces, divert them to the security and protection of rear facilities, areas and communications, which creates favourable conditions for solving the tasks facing the IRI Armed Forces.

Forces and equipment of the SF. In the Army ground forces, the basis of the SF formations is made up of airborne (Abn Div) and amphibious (Amph Div) assault formations: the Abn Div “Parandak” (about 8 thousand men); Amph Div “Zulfakar” (up to 12 thousand men); four separate amphibious assault brigades (each has 4,300 people); independent airborne brigade “Merab” (about 4,300 men), on the basis of which the Abn Div is deployed with the beginning of hostilities.

In addition, a separate brigade of the “Nabi Akram” SF is assigned to solve special tasks of covering the Iran-Afghanistan border and actions in the border zone.

The number of SF troops is more than 45 thousand men in peacetime and about 60 thousand in wartime. The listed special forces of the ground forces are part of the newly formed rapid deployment forces and are staffed in peacetime with 90-95% personnel, 100% of the Air Force.

Two Abn Div and Amph Div will be used to form SF groups from the Army. In particular, the plans for the operational use of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the divisions provide for the allocation of about 200 SF groups (or 96 SF units) to solve combined-arms tasks.

In the IRGC, there are “Quds” SF whose main task in peacetime is to “export” the Islamic Revolution – solving tasks to strengthen Iran’s position in the Middle East, relying on the controlled Shi’ite groups, as well as conducting intelligence in the interests of the state. The implementation of this task involves: providing comprehensive assistance to movements loyal to Iran; conducting special operations to eliminate the leaders of anti-Iranian groups; creating an agent network; conducting strategic and operational intelligence; training pro-Iranian militants from foreign countries; organising the training of suicide bombers for actions behind enemy lines with the beginning of an armed conflict.

Organisationally, the forces of the “Quds” SF consist of a command, a headquarters, special purpose units, suicide squads, a network of foreign residencies and training centres.

The main function of the headquarters is to plan the activities of subordinate units in the interests of other objectives.

The combat composition of the SF formations includes: men’s suicide squads (each with up to 20 fighters), women’s of 10-15 people; separate special-purpose units for carrying out particularly “sensitive” operations abroad, mainly for the physical destruction of representatives of the Iranian opposition.

Currently, the IRGC’s “Quds” force consist of about 15 thousand people. These are well-trained military personnel, specially selected from the best officers of the corps and, as a rule, have experience of combat operations in Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Afghanistan. In general, given the unprecedented fanaticism, readiness for self-sacrifice and good professional training the IRGC’s “Quds” detachments, both in peacetime and in wartime, are the main striking force of the country abroad in matters of intelligence agents and special operations.

The IRGC is composed of special-purpose units: SF infantry divisions “Shohada”, “Nasr”, “Pasdaran”, “Hazrat Amir-ol-Mumenin”, “Karbala”, SF motorised infantry division “Seyed-ol-Shodaha”; SF separate reconnaissance brigades “Malek Ashtar”, “Zafar”.

The number of forces of the IRGC is about 90 thousand people, including 15 thousand “Quds”. “Quds” forms about 75 units of the SF. SF divisions and brigades allocate up to 300 SF groups.

The formations and units of the IRGC SF are 100% equipped with personnel, weapons and military equipment.

In contrast to the formations and unit of the Army SF there the notion of a “special operation” has certain characteristics. In particular, the formations and parts of the corps are designed more for conducting “sweeps”, retaliatory operations, as well as ensuring security in designated areas.

The law enforcement forces do not have a separate SF command, but due to the large volume of tasks being performed in the north-west and south-east of the country, SF groups regularly perform reconnaissance and special tasks.

Special Forces Of The Iranian Armed Forces

ILLUSTRATIVE IMAGE. Iraqi PMU members

These groups are formed from the strike battalions deployed in the border area, which can form 11 SF groups, as the number of shock battalions increases so does the number of groups dedicated to the following tasks: combating drug trafficking; countering terrorism and separatism, hostage release. With the transfer to the direct chain of command of the IRI General Staff, special operations units perform other tasks during wartime, but only within the area of responsibility of their respective commands.

The SF units of the Navy are represented by several battalions of the SF of the Army, Navy and the IRGC. In addition to performing tasks to protect the coast, they are designed to disrupt sea communications, conduct sabotage to the enemy’s Navy and ports, destroy its ships (vessels), mine the Strait of Hormuz, if necessary, etc.

Special importance in the training of naval command units is given to defence, capture and destruction of oil rigs and production platforms. This is primarily due to the specifics of the oil-rich region and the unstable military and political situation.

The reconnaissance and sabotage teams can be transported to the operational sites by ultra-small submarines of the “Kadir” class, speedboats, helicopters and highly mobile vehicles, cross-country motorcycles or ATVs.

Of particular interest is the “Takavaran” unit, which is part of the Marine Corps of the Iranian Navy and has about 200 professional soldiers (marine commandos) who have been specially selected by the SF forces. This formation is characterised by its “versatility”. Unlike the majority of the foreign SF units, there is no strict specialisation. Combat groups comprise of up to 10 men and are formed depending on the tasks assigned to them.

The “Takavaran” subdivision is intended to perform the following functions: collecting information about the enemy’s ship groups and naval infrastructure; sabotage of enemy ships and vessels and external raids, and on transport and industrial infrastructure located near the sea coast; mining of passages and areas of anchorages; capture of representatives of the command of the enemy armed forces, release of prisoners of war and hostages; fight against maritime piracy and terrorism.

Thus, each component of the Iranian Armed Forces has its own special forces with the appropriate management bodies, forces and means. Their combined capabilities indicate the ability of the SF units and divisions to solve the tasks set within the established time frame, both in peacetime and in wartime.

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johnny rotten

Respect for the People of Iran and their valiant defenders.

Zionism = EVIL

On balance this is a pretty good article. Iranian defence doctrine is based on long term asymmetric warfare using its vast rugged terrain and motivated manpower to wear down its enemies. Just last month as I had posted in detail some of the specifics mentioned, Iran airdropped a whole brigade using over 50 transports, only one of the 4 countries capable of such large airborne operations including BMP3 airdrops.comment image

Zionism = EVIL

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Zionism = EVIL

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Zionism = EVIL

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Great Khan

Iran brother STRONK!

Johnny B. Allan

Was handily defeated by the rebels from 2011-2015.. Everyone and his dog knows this. That is why Russia is in Syria. Solemani went to Moscow begging please we are defeated save us. Now Russia has around 50.000 forces Wagner groups, Russian police and russian forces.

Being protected by Russia with all her might. All borders with others protected by Russia

Johnny B. Allan

It is facts Iran had around 200.000 forces deployed inside Syria but still got crushed. Solemani went to Moscow begging for assistance.

If Russia were to stop protecting in Syria against the rebels you won’t last longer then a few months max.

Russia has alot of forces and guards all the border areas with other players

Johnny B. Allan

These have mountainous terrain but still smashed daily and under blockage hardly a survival method. They are under firm control of the local Gov’t and the southern separatists. Contained like pests.

But in the other case Damascus was about to fall you need protection the terrain is flat hardly provides a shade.

Also these are two different theater don’t know why you would even use that as comparison

Johnny B. Allan

I doubt that. You are even sidelinded by the Russians in Syria who run pretty much everything and made Assad into a puppet. Russia has all the rights to drill energy and everything. I don’t see them leaving but you will for sure

Just Me

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farbat

russians do the structural command iran does the structureless command and russia could never in its dreams mobilize the tribes but iran is about to do exactly that

farbat

many of syrian tribes dont even like eachother just like it was the case in iraq and still hashd is based of many tribes and so will the syrian equivalent be

farbat

iran has facilities in syria which russia doesnt even know about and meanwhile iran has its people all over the russian controlled areas and to put russia and iran in syria in one level is absurd because iran will never leave syria and russia cant claim the same because russias stay in syria has structure it can be seen in certain areas while iran is everywhere and you cant even point out where to start because it all has no structure you could attack to it neither if there is a possibility of an end in sight even if one tried

Luna

”iran has facilities in syria which russia doesnt even know about”

LMFAO. That was rich.

Johnny B. Allan

Lmao. I know right. These people live in a bubble that is not even realistic

Ewan

I, on behalf of the Iranian government would personally like to thank Israel for concocting the US invasion of Iraq which allowed Soleimani to build the long awaited land bridge to the Med and put thousands of shiite militias on Israel’s borders for the upcoming invasion and liquidation of Israel

Luna

They still did not understand Syria is a Russian oblast now. Russia simply decides what will happen in Syria – Without Russia , Assad and iranian proxies in Syria will be burried in a few months , just like they were on the edge of annihilation before the arrivall of Russians.

Johnny B. Allan

100% I agree. These are ground facts. Russia has settled into it’s oblast pretty secure and safe. Assad can’t really do much without Russian permission and orders. It’s an oblast

Ewan

YOU still don’t understand it. WHY do you want to remove RUSSIA but not the US, Israel and French, British terrorist special forces and aerial terror bombing and GCC funding? Without those, Assad would have crushed them years before Iran arrived in Syria. Western Cowards always gang up on Third World nations even though they have superior technology.

Ashok Varma

I think you either ignorant or blowing hot air. Syria was attacked by US backed terrorists and invited Iran and Russia to help it fight off the Wahhabi headchoppers. The whole world should thank Iran and Russia and the allied militias.

farbat

all sides have given martyrs in this so you are right its absurd to deny one side but anyway russian protection is not permanent and those who claim it is are delusional because they believe that they can perpetuate this mess they created which isnt the case

farbat

the whole point of russia coming in militarily has alot of merit to it and it was a right decision by syria but to say that russia is now playing land empire against southern west asia is absurd because it doesnt even closely wish these problems upon itself but its the point the opposition to syria tries to make

Ashok Varma

Russia is being surrounded by US and NATO bases and Turkey has designs on the Caucasus and is now the prime sponsor of Wahhabi terrorism in the world, as bad a as Pakistan. India invited the Iranian Defence Minister for closer military ties. Iran and India share a lot of Russian weapons technology including the SU-30 and Kilo subs.

Iran, India enjoy great potential for closer military cooperation: Hatami in New Dehlicomment image

<>

No you won’t, we will keep returning you back home in bodybags.

Ewan

You have to level the playing fields you babboon. If you remove Russia, then also remove Tel Aviv and Washington and GCC money that keeps the “rebel”s going.

Emad Irani

200.000 forces? hahaha you serious dude? There were some advisors on the ground who helped changing SAA from classical mode to more guerilla. To defeat some ISIS elements in the great Syrian deserts they needed a robust Air Force there comes Russian Air Force in the game

Robert Ferrin

Wow! Now there’s a liar for you trying out for the Liar of the World trophy, lol 200,000 why not make it a million for that would be believed as little as the 200,000/!!

<>

Ali the terrorists, you have proven all you know is bombing civilians but we will teach your sorry asses a good lesson when out govt gives us a greenlight. Your Islamic filth will meet Allah, we will make sure of it.

Ewan

Bombing civilians is what Israel teaches the world with it’s P@ssy IDF in the occupied Territories. Thats why they can’t fight the Hezb’s real Men.

Ewan

Israel was bombing Syria thousands of times, and still could not prevent Iranian missile factories bein constructed and Hezbollah’s continued re-armament. Now the Hezb has enough missiles to to Raise Haifa and Tel Aviv to the ground 5 times over – LoL. If Russia were to stop bombing ISIS AND the US and Israel stop bombing FOR ISIS, ISIS wouldn’t last two weeks.Touche idiot

Just Me

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Are you drunk? Russia has less than 2000 troops and airmen in Syria, Iran
perhaps 3,000 mostly advisers and specialists. Most of the “Iranian
forces” are regional militias. Iran allied militias now number
150,000-200,000 and Iranian imprint is so big that it can not be
dismantled even in decades. Some of the larger ones are Pakistani,
Afghan and Palestinian. Hezbollah has its own independent units embedded
with SAA and Russians.

Ewan

Don’t waste your breath – These Hasbara morons don’t know what Netanyahu himself knows – that Israel is facing its last days – thats why he is frantically trying to get the US to Bomb Iran. Invasion will come through the Galilee and Jordan, Golan, slaughtering those rabid pig settlers while Netanyahu and Knesset cronies escape to Brazil where an Iranian SF unit will hunt him and surviving Zio politicians and generals down.

<>

Don’t worry Ali, when we come for you on the ground under a new Israeli leadership we will see how brave you are. Patience.

Ewan

Which leadership is that , Moschiach?” LMFAO

Ewan

Bullshit. Iranians and Syrians needed a powerful security council member on its side that could counter ALL of NATO and the GCC sponsored terrorists, US air superiority and NATO propaganda plots (alleged Syrian chemical weapons bombing) – Russia was the perfect partner – but had no choice either. If Syria falls to pro-Western puppet, it loses its only port on the Med. If Iran falls, Russia and China are next, surrounded by US bases. Russia and axis of Resistance has mutually benefitted from Russia’s intervention. Russia is defending its own interests.

Masroor Ahmed
farbat

its some useless stuff afterwards but it sends you into 3 different directions all trying to either locate you or do something different and at the end you end up here
https://www.bicoinsprofit.com/lp?k=qe23e&i=2txj&utm=60258faa-7a9c-41e0-bf9f-7940e902009d&utm2=l101847

farbat

they seek to locate people from this side i guess to annoy you in your real lifes

farbat

you probably hide your connection somehow that they need to have a closer look at it and put a bot on you therefore

farbat

i can expect all kind of organisations to be behind spying out the people on this page but sf server are probably already hacked because i cant imagine them using dmz and other security mechanism to avoid hacking

verner

as long as the plan is to finalize the jew’s occupation of palestine, fine and dandy. jews are facing to end up being red listed but no one, anywhere, will set up an organization to save the jews – so they will soon be like the Dodo bird – gone gone forever.

farbat

yes i see yourpoint myself all of the time everywhere they are alienating themselves trying to get special rights special positions and basically using all of they get to create a huge mess for themselves so they might indeed be sooner utterly alienated and hunted than they expect

Great Khan

Jew mamtu soon, Great Khan know things.

occupybacon

Or to end the jew occupation of Russia :D

Ashok Varma

Iran has built robust asymmetrical warfare capability and that has kept it safe.

Ewan

Iran’s closed, top down power structure is what has kept it safe, virtually impossible to penetrate. There is no similar system in the Middle East.

Free man

SPECIAL FORCES OF THE IRANIAN ARMED FORCES TERRORISTS
https://twitter.com/HeshmatAlavi/status/1357254219376562176

Free man

SPECIAL FORCES OF THE IRANIAN TERRORISTS :
https://twitter.com/DavidADaoud/status/1357240453154881537

<>

Jail will do him good, I just hope he doesn’t get a 5 star hotel prison like in Norway or Sweden. They can always send him to us if they want, we will take good care of him :)

Ewan

Thats right – the land of no human rights, land theft and genocide and pretend democracy.

Ewan

Sounds like a Mossad plot to me. Whenever Islamic Terrorists leave passports, ID’s and planning notebooks behind, you can rest assured, Mossad are the perpetrators…..funny how “dumb” these Muslim terrorists are, innit? 911 building get incinerated, but Hijacker’s passport found on the ground LoL!

<>

“The main tasks of the Special Forces of the Armed Forces of Iran are: countering terrorism”.

I stopped reading here as I was laughing so hard, the mother country of all the terrorists in the world is fighting terrorism. xD
In a comedy show it could work, not in the real world :)

Ewan

Mother country of terror in the ME is Israel. They brought it to the ME. Irgun, Stern Gang (changed their name to IDF) were all terrorist groups designated as such by the British.

Ewan

and every year, they practice this – You gotta luv ’em:

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