The A-545 is a successor to the earlier AEK-971 assault rifle. The original design was developed at the Kovrov Mechanical Plant by chief designer Sergey Koksharov in the late 1970s.
In 2014, both the A-545 and the AK-12 passed state trials of the infantry combat system ‘Ratnik’. In 2015, Russia introduced the A-545 for service with select operation units alongside the competing AK-12.
The Kalashnikov AK-12 is one of the newest derivative of the Soviet/Russian AK-series of assault rifles. In 2014, the AK-12 entered in service with the Russian Armed Forces.
The main reason behind the AK-12’s development was that the Russian army has huge stocks of Soviet AK-74 assault rifles, and some Russian army officials announced that the army was not going to to buy any more newly produced AK-74M rifles in the foreseeable future. This pushed the Concern Kalashnikov to develop a new rifle that would interest the Russian military.
The AK-12 retains traditional Kalashnikov-type gas operated action with rotary bolt locking, and use magazines compatible with previous generations of 5.45mm AK-74 – 7.62mm AKM rifles. The gas block, gas tube, receiver and barrel is redesigned for better accuracy under all conditions. Trigger and safety / fire selector unit has three modes of fire, including single shots, 2-round bursts and full automatic fire.
The Kalashnikov Concern presented the AK-15 assault rifle at the Army 2016 defence exhibition held outside Moscow in September. It has a rate of fire of 700 rounds per minute, which is 50 rounds faster than that of the AK-74M. The AK15 brandishes a Picatinny rail for various devices, a telescopic-type buttstock, and a pistol-type grip. The magazine-opening cover, foregrip, and gas tube are modified to ratch up the rifle’s grouping of shots and ergonomics. The AK-15 was developed under the Ratnik program with aim to replace the AK-103.