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SEPTEMBER 2020

Russia’s Military Modernization 2019-2020

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Russia's Military Modernization 2019-2020

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On December 28th, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexey Krivoruchko spoke of the features of the military-technical policy, as well as the results of improving the domestic weapons system throughout 2019.

The possession of modern effective weapons and constant readiness for their use is a reliable component of maintaining a balance of power in the international arena, as well as an important factor in protecting national interests and ensuring state security, according to the Deputy Defense Minister.

Krivoruchko summarized that for the implementation of the 2019 state defense order, upwards of 1.5 trillion rubles were spent ($24.3 billion).

“To ensure the established pace of equipping the troops and forces with modern types of weapons and equipment, more than 68% of these funds were directed to serial package purchases of high-tech models,” he said.

When it comes to supply of modern weapons, as well as other equipment, the state order was fulfilled up to 99.3%. This is a stable trend, according to the Deputy Minister, as in previous years, the well-coordinated work between the Defense Ministry and the industry resulted in an implementation of 98-99%.

In 2019, as well as in 2020, a priority takes the Nuclear Deterrence Force.

“Therefore, our most important task is to develop and maintain the structure and composition of strategic nuclear forces. The necessary financial resources are allocated for its solution. In the period from 2011 to 2019, the Strategic Missile Forces group was re-equipped from the Topol strategic missile systems to the Yars modern mobile strategic ground missile systems.”

In 2019, the Strategic Missile Forces equipped 2 regiments with Yars mobile missile systems. In 2020, there are plans to conclude a three-year contract for the production and commissioning of three more Yars mobile missile systems.

This will put the Strategic Missile Forces at 76% level of modern equipment, and by 2022 this share would rise to 92%.

Russia's Military Modernization 2019-2020

The RS-28 Sarmat ICBM. Click to see full-size image

In 2020, the Sarmat ICBM is planned to have its ground-based tests finished, and for its flight tests to begin.

Regarding the Russian Aerospace Forces, as well as the Airborne Forces, Krivoruchko said that a full re-equipment is on-going for the delivery of new multifunctional Su-35S, Su-30SM, Su-34 aircraft and Ka-52, Mi-28N, Mi-8MTV-5 helicopters -1, Mi-8AMTSh, all of which are also adapted for use in the Arctic.

In 2019, a contract was concluded for the delivery of 74 Su-57 fifth-generation fighter jets, and their serial production is expected to begin in 2020.

In terms of military transport, there are purchases planned for 2020 of IL-76MD-90A and Be-200 aircraft.

Work on the PAK-DA is moving forward as planned. A future design of the aircraft has been approved, and PJSC Tupolev is working on the design documentation, and the production of parts for the prototype has begun.

Under the current contract, the production of Tu-160M ​​aircraft continues, with increasing deliveries starting in 2021.

In July 2019, the state tests of the S-350 anti-aircraft missile system were completed in full and with positive results, and the first production prototype of the S- 350 has already been transferred to the Russian Armed Forces.

Preliminary tests of the S-500 missile defense system are planned to begin in 2020, and the first model is scheduled for delivery in 2025.

In 2019, the heavy unmanned vehicle “Okhotnik” flew up to the sky and completed a flight cycle, the long-distance unmanned vehicle “Altius” and the fully imported “Outpost-R” also made their first flights.

Russia's Military Modernization 2019-2020

The S-70 Okhotnik UAV. Click to see full-size image

In the Navy, there are currently 12 warships and 9 submarines under construction within the framework of the concluded contracts.

These include Project 22350 modern frigates, project 20380 corvettes, project 636.3 diesel-electric submarines Varshavyanka and project 677 Lada, modernization of multipurpose boats of project 971 Schuka-B, as well as a project 11442 heavy nuclear missile cruiser “Admiral Nakhimov” undergoing a deep modernization.

The tests of the Onyx missile system, which replaces the previous generation anti-ship missile systems, were completed.

In 2020, in order to expand the ocean zone, state contracts for the construction of two orders of the Borey-A project were planned for conclusion as part of the tasks of the state defense order. At the same time, it is planned to lay two Yasen-M submarines, two project 22350 frigates, and two universal landing ships.

Russia's Military Modernization 2019-2020

Project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate. Click to see full-size image

In terms of ground forces, preliminary tests of the T-14 battle tank and the T-15 infantry fighting vehicle based on the unified interspecific heavy tracked platform with the rear and front engine-transmission compartment were completed.

Preliminary tests of the K-16 Boomerang wheeled platform have been completed. Next year, it is planned to manufacture prototypes, which will also be connected to state tests.

In December 2019, the state tests of the modernized T-90M Proriv battle tank are being completed. Based on their results, a decision will be made on adopting and starting the serial supply of the battle tank.

In 2019, Preliminary tests of the anti-aircraft artillery system 2C38 “Derivatsiya-PVO” and self-propelled howitzer 2S35 “Koalitsiya-SV” were completed.

Kalashnikov assault rifles AK-12 and AK-15, as well as 6P67 and 6P68, and 6P69 machine guns, were adopted as part of the Ratnik complex.

The latest mobile reconnaissance and target designation center for PRP-5 missile and artillery systems on a tracked and wheeled base is being prepared for adoption in 2020.

Russia's Military Modernization 2019-2020

T-90M Proryv battle tank. Click to see full-size image

In terms of future weapons, the Deputy Defense Minister said that in 2020 Russia plans to complete the development work on the creation of a tactical laser system for destroying UAVs and destroying light-protected surface targets in order to solve the problems of the Ground Forces, Air Force and Navy.

In the interests of the Ground Forces, in 2020 the focus is on completing a portable automated complex of optoelectronic countermeasures for counter-observation and aiming, and counteracting them with laser radiation.

Work is underway to develop technologies for creating powerful lasers of various types. Work is on-going in order to increase the capacity of the Peresvet complex, which should be placed on aircraft carriers in the upcoming years.

Finally, wide-ranging work is being actively carried out on creating hypersonic weapons, aimed at expanding the scope, range of weapons and improving its tactical and technical characteristics.

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