On April 27, Russian forces shot down two Polish-made Warmate loitering munition, which were launched by Kiev forces, over the city of Enerhodar in Zaporizhzhia Oblast.
The two loitering munitions were reportedly on their way to attack Enerhodar City Administration building and the nearby Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant when they were detected and shot down by the Russian National Guard. Kiev forces might have planned to blame the Russian military for the attack.
The Warmate, which was developed by WB Electronics, has a range of 40 kilometers and an endurance of up to 50 minutes. The two munitions used in the failed attack on Enerhodar were armed with an RDX-packed high-explosive warheads.
The loitering munition relies on a GPS-aided inertial navigation system. For target detection and terminal guidance, the munition is equipped with a fixed electro-optical seeker.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine purchased an unknown number of Warmate loitering munitions from Poland a few years ago. After the start of the Russian special military operation, Polish plans to supply Kiev with more loitering munitions of this type were reported.
The loitering munition was spotted with Kiev forces very recently. However, there is still no evidence of any successful attack with the system.
Loitering munitions like the Warmate pose a real threat to Russian forces operating in Ukraine. However, as evident by the failed attack on Enerhodar, it is possible to detect small loitering munitions and shot them down.
The US is currently working to supply Kiev with more loitering munitions. Washington wants to arm Kiev forces with hundreds of Switchblade 300 and 600 loitering munitions as well as with more than a hundred of a previously-unknown loitering system dubbed the Phoenix Ghost.