The Russian Ministry of Defense is completing the first stage of modernization of the infrastructure for basing submarine forces.
For the first time in modern history, Russian submarines will receive protected bases and moorings with all necessary equipment.
At the first stage, ground-based infrastructure facilities, protective shelters, and living quarters were cosntructed.
Their construction in Gadzhievo and Zaozersk, Murmansk region, as well as in Vilyuchinsk in Kamchatka, has already begun, unnamed sources in the Russian Navy told Izvestia.
For Russia’s modern submarines to function properly, and for as long as possible, suitable ground facilities are required, for them to port at.
There should be arsenals for storing missile and mine torpedo weapons, as well as special piers and cranes for loading ballistic missiles.
Therefore, when the program for the construction of facilities for the ocean fleet was launched in 2012, the command of the Navy and the Ministry of Defense took the path of the primary development of the basing system, so that later there was a lot room to accept warships and submarines.
Currently, Russia has four submarine construction programs.
The first is the creation of 14 project 955A Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. Two of them – Knyaz Vladimir and Knyaz Oleg- will be delivered to the Russian Navy in 2020.
The other program is the construction of project 885 and 885M Yasen-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarines. These fourth-generation submarines are armed with a wide range of missile and torpedo weapons, including Kalibr missiles.
The third program is for the construction of project 677 Lada-class diesel-electric attack submarines.
And the final, fourth, is for the construction of the 636.6 Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarines.
The situation was not the same in the past, according to historian of the Navy of Russia and the USSR Dmitry Boltenkov.
“I must admit, in Soviet times there was a strong bias towards the construction of the naval fleet at the expense of creating the infrastructure of the basing system.
As a result, the ships stood in clusters at the berths and their systems wore out ahead of time.
The short history of the service of Project 705 submarines became characteristic.
These were the fastest submarines in the history of the world fleet. Small, well-armed and highly automated boats became a sensation in the 1970s and 1980s. But their foundation was a liquid metal coolant reactor.
Unfortunately, problems with coastal maintenance of such reactors led to a very short service of this miracle of domestic shipbuilding.
And the general underdevelopment of the coastal basing system led to the mass withdrawal from the fleet in the 1990s of a large number of ships and submarines that could serve in our time.”
Thus, the Russian Navy appeared to have learned its lessons, and developing a full-fledged system for providing and supporting its submarines and warships, prior to even having a full fleet of modern vessels.
Significant progress is being made in the Syrian port of Tartus, in Boltenkov’s words:
“If earlier four people and a dog looked after this provincial military object, now it is a full-fledged naval base on which both atomic and non-nuclear submarines can be accommodated.”
Housing was also built for the crews of the submarine forces on the Kola and Kamchatka Peninsulas.
To protect these facilities, multi-layered defense systems were also developed.
Each submarine base is guarded by a squad to combat submarine sabotage forces. The points themselves are covered by air defense missile regiments with S-400 and Pantsir S-1 defense systems.
The issues of training and retraining of submarine crews are given close attention by the Navy command. The crews are awarded boats of enormous, one might even say planetary power, and as such they must receive quality training.
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