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Radio-Electronic Outfitting Of Up-And-Coming Equipment Of Armed Forces Of Leading NATO Member States

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Radio-Electronic Outfitting Of Up-And-Coming Equipment Of Armed Forces Of Leading NATO Member States

The cover picture was provided by Luís Garcia

Written by Lieutenant Colonel S. Rybakov, Major V. Pugovkin; Originally appeared at Foreign Military Review 2020 #10, translated by Mona Lita exclusively for SouthFront

At present, the leading countries of the Alliance are actively implementing programs to create promising equipment for military personnel. They combine research carried out in the interests of increasing the productivity and effectiveness of the actions of subunits and individual military personnel on the basis of modern and developed weapons and compact radio-electronic services (RES).

As part of the ongoing research and development, radio-electronic equipment that is being developed is in the process of being integrated into the equipment of military personnel. A comprehensive analysis of the programs shows that the introduction of RES, in conjunction with automation equipment, into the structure of a soldier’s equipment will significantly increase not only the combat potential of a particular infantryman on the battlefield performing combat missions, but also the collective combat capabilities of the entire tactical unit as a whole.

Currently, ongoing scientific research in foreign countries is being carried out in the direction of integrating the infantryman’s electronic equipment into a single information and communication space (SICS). It is expected that work on these programs will be completed no later than 2030. Their feature is the gradual build-up of the capabilities of electronic systems, which will make up at least 80% of the entire set of equipment for the soldier of the future.

The leading NATO countries are actively funding the following national programs for the development of individual infantry combat systems (ICS): NettWarrior (USA), Fist (Great Britain), Felin (France), IdZet (IdZ, Germany), and also Soldate Futuro (Italy).

The main RES, which is part of the American ICS “Net Warrior”, is a portable set of automation tools with specialized software, interfaced with a radio station according to the IEEE 802.11n Wi-Fi standard (up to 600 Mbps in the 2.4 -5 GHz), communication and navigation, coupled with a helmet-mounted display. This electronic equipment will allow a soldier to automatically transmit video surveillance data of the battlefield, which is collected by digital video recording devices operating in various frequency ranges and attached to any small arms, as well as transmit (receive) information about the operational situation in a time scale close to real time. In addition, it provides for the possibility of operational targeting of weapons of fire from reconnaissance and strike unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) – from the tactical type RQ-7A “Shadow” to the strategic MQ-9A “Reaper”, MQ-1C “Gray Eagle”.

The helmet is equipped with a monocular optical system and a voice headset, which allow a soldier to interact in a protected information and telecommunications network as part of a unit during combat operations. To ensure stable communication, various combat platforms are planned to be used as nodes for relaying signals over wireless communication lines.

It is assumed that in order to increase the efficiency of reconnaissance of tactical subunits, the Skylark reconnaissance UAV will enter service, the main tasks of which are the search, detection of the location of radio emission sources, and observation of the technical means of reconnaissance of a potential enemy. At the same time, reconnaissance data from such a device can be obtained not only by the subunit commander, but also by his subordinate personnel using a portable remote control, which is part of the equipment of each serviceman.

The UAV control system includes four main components:

  • compact personal computer (PC)
  • the tablet
  • Remote Control
  • active Skylark Rambo sensor.
Radio-Electronic Outfitting Of Up-And-Coming Equipment Of Armed Forces Of Leading NATO Member States

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In order to ensure an even distribution of the mass of the technical elements of the system and the comfortable movement of a serviceman while dismounting in open areas and in urban conditions, the electronic equipment is placed on the unloading of the infantryman in a strictly defined sequence.

In addition, currently under the STC program (STC – Special Operations Forces Tactical Communications), the equipment is being furnished with secure communications for the country’s special operations units. Within its framework, tactical portable and transportable radio sets (RS) are being developed, which will make it possible to perform tasks in difficult conditions of a radio-electronic situation and at a considerable distance from the contact line of troops. RSs created under this program are designed to provide stable radio communications for both individual servicemen and subunits in the absence or strong interference with the signals of the Navstar space radio navigation system (RNS).

Further expansion of the use of Manet’s distributed wireless telecommunication networks will help reduce the dependence of tactical units on satellite communications.
In addition, the standard set of RSs is planned to be supplemented with a smartphone and a tablet, which will automatically connect to these networks with the ability to exchange information in various formats, including video files.

Under the STC program, Harris received a five-year contract for $ 390 million for the development and supply of the RF-335M-STC NN and AN / PRC-159 (V) 1 portable radios of the Falcon-3 family. Designed as the main radio stations of the ICS, they will be produced in two versions: wearable RF-335M-STC HH and network wearable multiband AN / PRC-159 (V) 1, which allows providing full-duplex multichannel communication. There is a plan to equip them with Navstar navigation modules with guaranteed protection against deliberate interference.

The wearable RF-335M-STC HH will provide operation in any climatic conditions in accordance with the requirements for lightweight, portable, broadband, multifunctional tactical radios. It is also capable of providing steady communications with previous generation stations.

Depending on the operating conditions and the tasks set by the command, PC RF-335M-STC HH provides remote updating of the main software.

Communication protocols are downloaded and updated to the radio station automatically. Thanks to this, they can operate in several types of radio networks: adaptive broadband C-band, mobile time division multiple access C-band, tactical control link time division multiple access C-band, infantryman radio network, and broadband HF frequency range. Currently, the developed new protocols used in these telecommunication networks are undergoing certification and commissioning processes in the USA.

The AN / PRC-159 (V) l network wearable multi-band radio provides simultaneous voice, high-speed data and situational awareness.

The ICS UK “Fist” project is the most expensive and long-term project among all European projects. The initial design phase of such a complex began in 1994, and the full completion of the work was planned by 2022. The cost of one “Fist” with all additional superstructures is about 84 thousand euros, which is approximately 3 times more than other European analogues.

It provides for the equipping of 30-35 thousand servicemen of the British Armed Forces. The equipment is developed by the companies “Wales” and “Kinetic”. The ICS optimizes the conduct of combat, reduces the physical and psychological stress on the soldier, and significantly reduces the level of stress during long-term combat operations. “Fist” includes: various electronic systems and devices (laser rangefinder, electro-optical converters, target designator); uniform; protective helmet equipped with built-in information systems; extended weapon system and body armor.

The key part of the complex is the communication subsystem, which provides closed communication within the subdivision. In the event of its loss with a serviceman, backup communication channels are automatically turned on and installed. The transmission of data and voice commands is carried out directly from the control center to the serviceman. The ICS is equipped with the Navstar RNS module.

The helmet displays a map of the area for situational awareness. In addition, the British company “Kinetic” is developing technologies to increase the contrast and provide the possibility of thermal (infrared, IR) images for target acquisition.

Currently, the existing detection systems do not allow to accurately determine the coordinates of targets for weapons of fire, and sensors operating in the mid-IR range provide sufficient range and accuracy of detection, but have large weight and dimensions and are installed on vehicles.

The Oinetic company is developing uncooled devices operating in the short-wave infrared range with low energy consumption and minimal susceptibility to the environment (insects, foliage, solar reflection, etc.). It is planned that these devices will be relatively compact, have low weight, low cost in production and maintenance.

Specialists of BAE Systems are developing a system that, using antennas located on clothing, can transmit and receive images from a video camera mounted on a helmet in the infrared and other ranges, and will also provide reliable communication between servicemen within the unit. In this case, viewing is carried out on a small tablet computer with a touchscreen display attached to the wrist. With the help of the installed specialized software, personnel will be able to quickly receive and transmit data about a situation to the control point (CP), determine and report their location.

A feature of the system is the ability to classify objects displayed on the screen, to identify critical ones among them. Antennas attached to items of equipment work regardless of the position, actions of the serviceman, as well as the environment. They began to be actively used because conventional pin antennas or short antennas connected to a radio station cannot provide a stable signal. The approximate cost of one set of “Fist” will be at least 70 thousand US dollars.

Additionally, it is planned to equip the ICS with wearable PC N-4855 PRR (Personal Role Radio) and SSR (Soldier System Radio). The first, developed by the specialists of Marconi Selex Communication, provides the ability to use the technology of wireless local area networks “WLAN” (WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network). Its output power is 50 mW in the 2.4 GHz band. In the UK, this PC is UK / PRC-343.

Radio stations of the SSR family have a number of advantages over the PC series PRR, which makes them a more promising option for equipping ICP. They can support up to 32 active correspondents in full duplex mode.

Radio-Electronic Outfitting Of Up-And-Coming Equipment Of Armed Forces Of Leading NATO Member States

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The equipment of the German Armed Forces is being developed under the IdZet program. The combat complex will include the following systems: with laser guidance, mounted on a weapon; night vision; PC-based control and communication, built into the unloading vest; subsystems of RCB – and ballistic protection.

The most important subsystem is the Navikom S41 navigation-connected complex, created by the European company Wales. It allows you to determine the location of a soldier and his unit, as well as minefields (which were determined in advance by other sensors), targets, troops (forces) of allies and a potential enemy. The complex provides Communications Security and information exchange between military personnel and various levels of command in a time scale close to real.

The central element of control and interaction in the system is a small-sized tablet computer with a touch screen of about 25 cm and it’s ability to update cartographic and other information. Because of that and using the built-in Navstar RNS module, servicemen can determine their location and plot any route. The PC sends to the PU information about the current location of the serviceman and the unit, intelligence data, photo and video materials, and other operational information.

The infantryman’s armament includes small arms, on which the technical elements of the RES are installed, coupled with the control panel (three rubberized buttons) and allowing wireless control of the radio station and the laser rangefinder. In addition, the ICS is planned to be equipped with digital radio stations of the type MR300 manufactured by Rode and Schwartz with a range of up to 10 km.

The ICS, developed in France under the Féline program, is the most advanced. R&D work on its creation is carried out by specialists from the Nekter and Sazhem companies, as well as the French branch of Thales. In total, 25 enterprises are engaged in the production of complex equipment. The program is being implemented in three main stages – until 2008, 2015 and 2025.

The radio electronic means that are part of the ICS provide location determination, exchange, processing and display of tactical data, display of combat control signals on the displays of a helmet-mounted optoelectronic system and a small-sized PC, as well as transmission of information in various formats, including high-resolution video.

The electronic equipment of such a combat complex includes:

  • multifunctional helmet with a removable optical-electronic system;
  • small-sized PC and power supply and video data management device;
  • thermal imaging devices, video camera and night vision device;
  • portable radio station;
  • receiver RNS “Navstar” and electronic magnetic compass.

Due to the widespread use of the block-modular principle of production of the main elements, the set of RES can be changed depending on the tasks to be solved in the field without the involvement of specialized forces and devices. For example, the subunit commander’s ICS provides for equipping with a second portable radio station operating in the higher-level control network, as well as with a binocular laser rangefinder-target designator with an integrated navigation module of the Navstar RNS.

The multifunctional helmet with a removable optoelectronic system is equipped with a compact wide-angle digital video camera and a voice headset with an osteomicrophone. The latter is structurally integrated with the headsets and is located on the inside of the helmet. The advantage of such a microphone is that a soldier can use personal protective equipment (gas mask) without reducing the quality of communication. When working, it fits snugly against the head and provides sound transmission through the bones of the skull. The infantryman’s kit may also include combination goggles to protect the visual organs from the effects of laser radiation.

The camcorder allows you to receive images both during the day and at night. At the same time, using it in conditions of insufficient illumination, a soldier can see an object comparable in size to a human at a distance of 150 m and recognize it at a distance of up to 70 m.

The main elements of the Felin ICS also include the Jim LR and Jim MR thermal imaging devices.

Jim MR “is a multifunctional optoelectronic observation device based on an IR camera with a cooled matrix of sensitive elements, which provides detection, recognition and determination of the coordinates of targets on the battlefield at any time of the day, in difficult climatic conditions, as well as when the enemy uses means of masking the visible range of the optical spectrum.

The device is equipped with a built-in color video camera, a Navstar RNS module, an electronic compass, and a laser rangefinder-target designator. In addition, it has a data transmission interface with ports of the RS-422 and CCIR standard, which makes it possible to transmit video and initial target designation data over a radio channel or cable communication lines to other units. Additionally, the product can be equipped with a Bluetooth wireless data transfer port and an RS-170 standard port.

Thermal imaging device “Jim-MR” is a multifunctional optoelectronic observation device based on an IR camera with a non-cooled matrix of sensitive elements. The target detection range (tank / man) is 4 km and 2.5 km, respectively. The weight of the device does not exceed 2.8 kg. The working wavelength range is 8-12 microns.

The helmet-mounted display “OVD” (with black and white image) with a resolution of 800×600 pixels is made on the basis of organic light-emitting diodes. The device is equipped with an interface with an IEEE 1394 standard port for connection to an optical-electronic sight, which allows remote observation from closed positions.
Night vision device “Jif” is designed for observation in the dark. The package includes built-in IR illumination and a display based on organic light-emitting diodes with a resolution of 800 x 600 pixels for displaying video information from other observation and aiming devices.

The portable personal computer of the commander of the Sit Com-de unit, equipped with geolocation means, is designed to perform the following functions:

  • displaying the location of friendly troops (forces) and enemy forces on an electronic map of the area based on data received from aerospace reconnaissance assets;
  • planning routes of movement;
  • determination of electromagnetic availability zones and line-of-sight range to tactical level radio emission sources;
  • obtaining data on the radio-electronic situation, physical and geographical conditions of the area and other operational information.

To connect external devices “Sit Comde” has ports: serial RS-232, USB 2.0, “Internet”, “Bluetooth” and IEEE 1394. The computer is compatible with the automated control systems “Sir” of the brigade – regiment link and company link “Sit “ground forces of France.

The TRC-3600/3700 ​​family PC is a communication system that includes a frequency band management subsystem and an information closure subsystem that provides the user with the functions of e-mail, file transfer, fax, etc.

The HF PC of the TRC-3600/3700 ​​series can be integrated into various RES configurations, such as the TRC-3610/3710 portable radio station, the PC transportable on the TRC-3630/3730 transport base with a 400 W power, as well as with the PR4G series stations.

For communication with the higher control bodies, tactical multifunctional anti-interference digital VHF radio stations of the PR4G series (TRC9100, 9210, 9310, 9600) of the French company “Vales” are used. They operate in the VHF band (30-88 MHz) and provide anti-interference transmission of classified voice messages and data in one channel at speeds up to 64 kbit / s, using IP-protocols in ground-ground and ground-air-earth radio networks.

The equipment of the PR4G series includes: transceivers of various designs (portable, wearable, transportable, installed on a transport base), peripheral equipment, as well as a device complex for generating and transmitting programs for controlling the operation of radio stations in radio networks.

Communication networks deployed on the basis of PR4G radio stations have high noise immunity from electronic suppression equipment, a low level of opening by technical means of radio and electronic intelligence. They ensure the exchange of data by way of automated military control systems, compatibility with PCs of other countries and radio stations of the old fleet operating in the transmission mode at fixed frequencies, and also have new capabilities (transmission of combat control signals, data on the current operational situation, selective and circular calling.

Radio-Electronic Outfitting Of Up-And-Coming Equipment Of Armed Forces Of Leading NATO Member States

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The Italian program for the creation of equipment for the infantryman “Soldate Futuro” is part of the global rearmament system “Forza Nek”, according to which the country’s armed forces must completely switch to new military standards by 2025.

The complex of equipment for a soldier in Italy includes: electronic equipment; elements of ballistic and NBC protection.

The main element of the fighter’s equipment will be the electronic equipment, consisting of a personal multifunctional programmable radio station, a tablet PC and a video camera.

Personal PC is designed for secure transmission of digitized voice information and data, including video. The unique types of signals used in the work of personal radio stations, and the digital wireless network make it possible to provide reliable communication in conditions when traditional main (trunk) and trunking networks are absent or are out of the access zone.

Such a network is designed to provide reliable communications even in difficult urban environments and in open areas. Duplex, simplex, and multi-group conferencing modes will allow you to conduct a simultaneous session on the network with several correspondents, ensuring the efficiency of operational work.

Thus, the further growth of programs for the development and implementation of new electronic distribution systems, built into the equipment of the infantryman of the future leading NATO countries, will significantly increase the combat capabilities of tactical units on the battlefield, and the higher command will reduce the time for making a decision. In addition, the new generation equipment being developed can significantly reduce combat losses among personnel.

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Ole Johansen

The danger of such systems is that once it no longer works, your strategy becomes a cluster f***.

And another issue is that units become traceable as they send out “here I am signals”. Hence that subject of “signal seeking” drones or other threats simply due to this “complex bullshit”.

But that they waste money on high tech that creates a large number of weak points must be amazing news for their potential enemies.

farbat

the usa is getting technologically outpaced

farbat

lets remind ourselves that military technology used to be decades ahead of civilian technology yet with america its not the case at all anymore since they dont have the technology to be ahead of their civilian industries

farbat

china will come with some similar concept into the field but use quantum telecommunication which is unhackable and untraceable

HiaNd

quantum tech is not yet present in the highest levels of tech laboratories that are developing quantum tech …let alone among the ordinary soldiers
when will you stop to post bombastic bullshit ?!?

farbat

nonsense this will happen in the next 5 years

HiaNd

eat shit you and your “predictions” that you pull right out of your arse!
you are lowering the level of the serious conversation on your “retarded and enthusiastic” level !

farbat

watch and see if you think quantum communication is not serious you are quite wrong

HiaNd

fuck off !!!

farbat

tell me how are you serious?

farbat

the insolence doenst impress me tell me how are you potheads any serious?

farbat

did you ever serve in the military even?

John Tosh

You fuck off

HiaNd

No John Tosser YOU fuck off !!!

John Tosh

Go back to your gray cubicle in Langley Virginia CIA head-office…. Talk to the other clowns like yourself… Losers!

farbat

he is just insulted by china russia and iran being on the rise as civilization states while the globalists seek to destroy nation states with cancel culture these days and have given up on their subjects

HiaNd

I am PRO-RUSSIAN you Iranian delusional megalomaniac !
Don’t you dare to lover Russia on backward Iranian level you Persian a s s h o l e

farbat

you are rt watcher that doesnt make you a russian and what you are is arrogant extreme right or extreme left that is what rt watcher are to large parts the extremes

HiaNd

Fuck off pig who are you to judge me you Iranian c u n t?!
who I am doesn’t concern you !

farbat

we never made them the slaves of others they did this themselves and if they are now enslaved and cant even leave the home without a tampon im the mouth and are poor all of them unable to feel something besides depression its not my issue

farbat

he is insulted because iam not depressed as him

HiaNd

I refuse to be in company of delusional people whose claims does not have any proof in reality!

farbat

i have send you the articles you fool do your own research and you are not so foolish next time

John Tosh

CIA rat!

HiaNd

calling me CIA?!? you’re insane!

John Tosh

CIA rat

HiaNd

Tosser UK shithead is blocked !

John Tosh

rat cia

farbat
farbat

iran will have new generation nuclear weaponry in 2022 if things continue like this the fatwa will come and again another prediction coming true

farbat

iran already has announced til 2024 its own quantum communication network and it tests it in teheran all the time and sends data back and forth

HiaNd

Iran can’t even make 4th generation jet fighter or chopper!!!
all Iranian know how about missile tech comes from NORTH Korea that is copy of copy of Chinese that is copy of original SSSR!

farbat

can your nation produce a single diesel engine on its own entirely?

HiaNd

I wasn’t bragging about “my nation” or any other nation
It was YOU who does that !
Singing song’s about super advanced “NANO” – “Quantum tech” Iran

farbat

get over the reality and yes iran has nano semi conductor fabrication now for civilians and i can buy nano semi conductors soon and also iran has a 300 qm big quantum network now in test phase sending data back and forth planning to add the technology in civilian aswell as military industries

HiaNd

fuck off retard !

HiaNd

China has problem of production of ordinary “semi conductors” and you pretend that Iran produces “NANO semi conductors”??!??
Get lost !!!

farbat

you cant even produce soap on your own you who are governed by globalists so you dont know a single thing really about how incompetent you indeed are over there in the west

HiaNd

we do produce NANO soap (know how imported from Iran)

farbat

we produce atleast 6% of all nano products in the world and that will rise thanks to nano semi conductor fabrication plants

farbat

do you think china is behind iran?

HiaNd

Iran is nothing in tech !

farbat

parse has now also a nano semi conductor plant and 17 others are planned
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pars%C3%A9_Semiconductor_Co.
https://khabarban.com/a/30509104

HiaNd

yes you are more advanced than South Korea and Japan combined and Iran is about to produce nano computers of course !

farbat

continue your insolence but the facts are on the ground
https://khabarban.com/a/30509104

farbat

i can really disprove your insolence the whole day and your cognitive retardedness and pothead reality is threatened by me who cares just get over yourselves you fools

farbat

you dont know a single thing it seems mr pothead

HiaNd

when I see that Iran can create their own (designed by Iran not reverse engineered copy ) 4th generation jet than we can talk about “Iranian tech”.

farbat

jets seem to impress the foolish people alot but dont worry iran will create next gen jets but we iranians arent fighting like our enemies from the very beginning we fight with missile weaponry be it arrows or now ballistic and other missiles it doesnt change how we fight so dont expect iran to behave like others going forward

HiaNd

If you can’t make jets which YOU MUST BUY otherwise from Russia or China.
That only means that your high tech level is pure bullshit and not as advanced as you pretend it to be !!!
Your “5th generation” jet “prototype” made out of cardboard (that you were shoving off) didn’t impress anybody normal on this planet.
That jet probably can’t even fly since it is built only as propaganda stunt and nothing else!

you fight “with missile weaponry” built by know how that you have bought from NORTH KOREa !!

farbat

the 5th generation prototype was a project of the liberals and they cant even clean their own butts so no suprise here but that doesnt mean that sepah might not finish what they failed in

Robert Ferrin

Then without a doubt the U.S., must be low tech. For it too can’t make a viable airplane the F-35 is more than proof of that along with their super-duper destroyers, aircraft carries etc, etc, But wait lets not forget our woke culture where the troops can dress up in lipstick pony tails and red pumps !!!

HiaNd

Let us not exaggerate…. upgraded F-15, F-16, F-18 are “viable”modern jets.
Iran is still very far from that level….’lipstick pony tails and red pumps” is another story…

Robert Ferrin

The F-16 has had its problems too but let’s not get into the gray area known as the liar’s area for the F-35 was supposed to be the next step costing a trillion dollars of a viable plane, but it resembles the Thunderbolt which was another dog of American technology when 35% of those ended up buried in the soil of Vietnam before they wised up and quir manufacturing them and I see all manufacturing of the F-35 has been put on hold,!!!

HiaNd

“F-35 was supposed to be…” and hasn’t failed because US “must be low tech” The way you claim it to be.
with new upgrades (more powerful engines, software) jet will mature into “viable” one. it is not good jet, but it is not total failure either.

Robert Ferrin

Your probably correct on that to a point, but it would be better and cheaper to simply ditch it and go back to the drawing board and create a viable plane, the F-35 for the marines are based on an old Russian design that Russia sold to the U.S. long ago it didn’t work for them, and it won’t work for us but it will flll the pockets of the MIC until they come up with another dog to peddle to the people,!!

HiaNd

“iran will create next gen jets”
ONLY IF CHINa sells you know how just like North Korea did for the missiles !!!

farbat

you are in a past dream stuck

farbat

iam really sorry to explode your bubble but bubble exploding you better make yourself familiar with because that will happen alot for you going forward now continue your nonsense if you like XD

Frank G

i do not think china sells NK tech, they provide it for mostly free and is very old tech for nukes, it was ukraine that sold better tech for rocket engines.misel tech, again old tech but improved and gets the job done.

HiaNd

Yes.. Ukraine I’ve forgotten those assholes (now is Turkey’s turn to “cooperate” with them)
Either way it is always Soviet know how, they all rely upon (and SSSR scientists who vent to China , Iran and similar places after the collapse of SSSR)
and now the countries like Iran pretend that they had scientific base from the start and that everything is result of their “research” from the scratch.
While in reality all those “discoveries” are just remakes of Soviet know how.

Jesus

1. Iran is the largest producer of handmade carpets

2. Iran is the world’s largest producer of saffron, pistachios, barberies, etc. Also Iran is the biggest date exporter.

3. Iran with 22 world heritage sites ranks 11th in the world above Turkey with 16 sites.

4. Persian literature is one of the best in the world and has influenced eastern and western countries a lot. Khayyam, Saadi, Hafez, Rumi, Ferdowsi etc etc are all Iranian poets known worldwide.

5. Turkey has a beautiful architecture, but Iranian architecture is mind-blowiing.

6. Iran is the world’s 28th country by Industrial production growth rate while Turkey is the 96th.

7. Iran has the world’s fastest scientific growth.

8. By 2017, Iran ranked 5th in ISI indexed nano-articles.

9. Iran has self-sufficiency in essential military hardware and defense systems.

10. Iran has the world’s highest female to male ratio among univerity students

11. Iran ranks 5th with the world’s most STEM graduates

HiaNd

Nobody is saying that Iran doesn’t do many good things!
But why exaggerating so much?!
“Iran has self-sufficiency in essential military hardware” is good (but still limited). No decent tanks, no choppers, no decent jets (one copy).
How does that make Iran one of the most advanced high tech nations and producer of non existing “quantum communication network”?!?
Something even most advanced doesn’t talk about yet !
The way he tries to present Iran, they are already equal to most advanced if not above their level…. how?!?
China has problem in mass production of ordinary “semi conductors” and he pretends that Iran produces “NANO semi conductors” ?!?
How can they suddenly be so advanced if they still can’t produce less advanced much more ordinary things?!?
Listening to him one would think that Iran is more advanced than Japan or South Korea in electronics!

Jesus

Iranian industrial and military capabilities are not fully known, I know for a fact that adversity causes out of the box and creative thinking.

HiaNd

IF they NOT fully known, than there is NOTHING to brag about !
Since we here talk only about visible concrete results that can be presented as concrete facts (and not some top secrets not known to anybody).
While he presents Iran to be more advanced in (“NANO semi conductors”) than China or even Japan, South Korea !
That is ridiculous.

Jesus

Concrete evidence is…. Iran has 335,000 STEM graduates, (is an abbreviation for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) placing it ahead of Japan and S. Korea.

Jesus

According to my calculation it is no1 in the world per capita.
China is first with 4.7 million, followed by India 2.6 million, US 568,000, Russia 561,000, Iran at 335,000, Indonesia 206,000, Japan 195,000.

HiaNd

That is simplistic logic, not “evidence”!!!
Concrete evidence is what they have PRODUCED not statistics !
China had much more STEM graduates in days when they were doing nothing but the copies !
Concrete evidence or don’t bother to write !!

Jesus

Excerpts from wpkidia

Iran is ranked 12th in the field of chemistry (2018).[132] In 2007, Iranian scientists at the Medical Sciences and Technology Center succeeded in mass-producing an advanced scanning microscope—the Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM).[133] By 2017, Iran ranked 4th in ISI indexed nano-articles.[134][135][136][137][138] Iran has designed and mass-produced more than 35 kinds of advanced nanotechnology devices. These include laboratory equipment, antibacterial strings, power station filters and construction related equipment and materials.[139]

Research in nanotechnology has taken off in Iran since the Nanotechnology Initiative Council (NIC) was founded in 2002. The council determines the general policies for the development of nanotechnology and co-ordinates their implementation. It provides facilities, creates markets and helps the private sector to develop relevant R&D activities. In the past decade, 143 nanotech companies have been established in eight industries. More than one-quarter of these are found in the health care industry, compared to just 3% in the automotive industry.[28]

HiaNd

No “NANO semi conductors” ?!
“Iran is ranked 12th in the field of chemistry”… nice and the products are?
I didn’t say Iran doesn’t have potential or doesn’t make progress but ahat counts in life are only the concrete PRODUCTS !!

Tel me ….what does Iran PRODUCE as advanced military tech (apart from missile tech)?!
They produce now midget subs that are some Iranian (copy?) version of North Korean midget subs that are literal copy of Yugoslav midget subs.
They have copy of F-5 jet, copy of Russian T-90, copy of S-300 called “Bavar” etc.
copy of “Shikval” torpedo (?) (they bought from Ukraine maybe ?)
I want to know in defense industry what is so remarkable that proves their high level of expertise ?!
That is the only area that interests me really…so don’t invade with your copy paste articles please.

Jesus

Aviation and space[edit]

See also: Iran Aviation Industries Organization and Iranian Space Agency

Simorgh launch. Iranian Space Agency

On 17 August 2008, The Iranian Space Agency proceeded with the second test launch of a three stages Safir SLV from a site south of Semnan in the northern part of the Dasht-e-Kavir desert. The Safir (Ambassador) satellite carrier successfully launched the Omid satellite into orbit in February 2009.[140][141][142] Iran is the 9th country to put a domestically-built satellite into orbit since the Soviet Union launched the first in 1957.[143] Iran is among a handful of countries in the world capable of developing satellite-related technologies, including satellite navigation systems.[144] Iran’s first astronaut will be sent into space on board an Iranian shuttle by 2019.[145][146] Iran is also the sixth country to send animals in space. Iran is one of the few countries capable of producing 20-25 ton sea patrol aircraft.[147] In 2013, Iran constructed its first hypersonic wind tunnel for testing missiles and doing aerospace research.[148] Iran is the 8th country capable of manufacturing jet engines.[14

HiaNd

If I compare Iran and India I would always see India as more advanced country than Iran ( in space tech also )… (1st SSSR “satellite” Sputink was called “satellite” also… yet it was only metallic ball with radio signal emitter + antenna, making “beep; beep” sound only….

Jesus

TEHRAN – According to Web of Science, Iran ranks fourth in nanotechnology in the world by publishing 8,791 articles in the field.

As per the latest updates, Iran holds the fourth place above countries such as South Korea, Germany, Japan and France.

China with the staggering number of 56,648 articles tops the list while the United States and India came in second and third places respectively.
What is nanotechnology?

Generally, nanotechnology is a field of research and innovation concerned with building ‘things’ – materials and devices – on the scale of nanometer – one-billionth of a meter.

As Aznano describes, nanotechnology is hailed as having the potential to increase the efficiency of energy consumption, help clean the environment, and solve major health problems. It is said to be able to massively increase manufacturing production at significantly reduced costs. Nanotech advocates claim that products of nanotechnology will be smaller, cheaper, lighter yet more functional and require less energy and fewer raw materials to manufacture.

Nanotechnology in Iran

Iran’s first researches in this field started in 2000 and with publishing 9 articles, the country achieved the rank of 52 in that year.
The national nanotechnology development headquarters was established in 2005, with the aim of making policies, assessing achievements in field of nanotechnologies, raising public awareness about nanoscience, improving quality of life and creating lucrative markets.

Recognizing the great importance of nanotechnology, Iranians have had boosted researches in the field year on year.

There are 257 companies active in this field, 33 percent of which working on nanomaterials, ISNA reported on Tuesday.

These companies have manufactured 376 different products using the nontechnology, showing that this is a field with huge economic and practical advantages.

The reports also demonstrate that these products are being exported to 47 different countries.

HiaNd

OK …if everything you say there is truth, Iran has potential to be considered…or to become a country with modern high tech but NOT at this stage. That field it is still in development with not so many practical applications.

Military products Iran produces are mostly just average copies of other countries products !

Tommy Jensen

Bs.
There is no “efficiency of energy consumption”, (because there is unlimited energy)
There is no ” help clean the environment”, (clean your house, its that simple)
There is no “solve major health problem”, (Lab viruses are not a Health problem)
The is no “significantly reduced costs”, (because finance is a fake).

Supreme Blyat

Exactly! That is why the Soviet tanks didn’t have radio stations in WW2.

Fog of War


But that they waste money on high tech that creates a large number of weak points must be amazing news for their potential enemies.

You should tell this to the Russians also.

Tommy Jensen

I was once on a EU yacht sailing in the amazon delta. The yacht had GPS and electronic maps.
We anchored up on a little harbour where the electronic map said 3,5m depth and the locals said 6m.
Believing our electronics were better than the ground school natives we sat on the bottom of the river the next morning…………………………….LOL.
The problem with nature is it changes without you can predict it. Flood change, sediments change, weather change, animals, birds, insects, volcanoes, tectonic movements, m.m.

Lone Ranger

Too much high tech on the ground is counterproductive in my opinion.
Especially for individual soldiers.
Firepower, accuracy and reliabilty are far more important.

Hasbara Hunter

At least 80% of the entire set of consists of electronic systems wtf?!….Where’s my Ammo & how am I goin’ to carry all that Shit?!!! Hey developers better get me a friggin Exoskeleton first!!!

HiaNd

yeah …famous “exoskeleton” is suppose to help (those victims of high tech) to carry everything…they’ll look like walking scarecrows with everything on them…

Hasbara Hunter

Houthis wear flipflops…still they’ve Defeated the West & Wahhabistan, despite all AngloZioNazi Highbrow Flying Machines, Technological Equipment & Electronic Systems…simply because Houthis are Brave Warriors fighting in Unity to defend their Families & Homeland…

HiaNd

the only “high tech” they have is pair of “cojones”

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