On October 23, two rival factions of Libya signed a permanent ceasefire agreement in Geneva following five days of UN-hosted talks. They were held between the representatives of the Government of national accord (GNA) and the Libyan national army (LNA).
“The talks in Geneva today culminate in a historic achievement as Libyan teams reach a permanent ceasefire agreement across Libya”, the UN’s Libya mission said.
The agreement was reached as a result of the talks, which were held in the “5+5” format. The parties pledged to maintain a calm situation on the front line, avoid escalation of hostilities, continue the exchange of prisoners and resume oil production. In addition, they discussed the opening of roads and the resumption of regular air traffic between Tripoli and Benghazi.
“Mercenaries and foreign fighters must leave Libya within three months from today”. In addition, “joint police forces will patrol disputed areas,” the agreement says.
The ceasefire agreement was welcomed by the European Union and a number of states, such as the US, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Qatar, Egypt.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized the recent agreement.
The permanent cease-fire agreement between Libya’s warring parties “does not seem to be reliable,” Recep Tayyip Erdogan told reporters following Friday prayers in Istanbul.
“The ceasefire agreement is not one at the highest level. Time will show how long it will persist at a lower level,” Turkish President said.
There has been a long-running standoff between the GNA, supported by Turkey and which controls Tripoli and territories in the West of the country, and the LNA, supported by Egypt and Saudi Arabia. It is also allegedly supported by France, the United Arab Emirates and Russia.
The recently signed ceasefire agreement is a breakthrough in a peace settlement in Libya. However, the final end to years of hostilities will require a broader understanding between the armed groups and the international forces that support them.
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