On April 15, the Russian Ministry of Defense released a video showing some of the electronic warfare (EW) systems currently supporting the special military operation in Ukraine.
The video was released to celebrate the EW Specialist Day, which is an official holiday in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
One of the EW systems that can be seen in the video is the Krasukha-4, which was developed by the KRET corporation to protect command posts, groupings of troops, air defense systems, and vital industrial, administrative and political facilities.
The system analyzes the signal type and impairs enemy radar stations by powerful jamming emissions at ranges of up to 300 kilometers. As a result, enemy aircraft lose their capability to detect targets and aim their precision weapons against them.
Another EW system shown in the Russian MoD video is the Kvant SPN-4, which features a High Power X-Band Radar jamming station.
The SPN-4 was designed to guard against aircraft-based electronic surveillance, including drone surveillance. The system can effectively shield objects on the ground against radio-locating surveillance satellites, ground-based radars, or Airborne Warning and Control Systems (AWACS) aircraft.
The R-330ZH Zhitel EW system can be also seen in the video. The system was designed by Protek for the detection, analysis, direction-finding and jamming of satellite and cellular phone communication systems operating within the frequency from 100 to 2,000 MHz. The system provides analysis and selection of emitters’ signal parameters.
The last EW system shown in the Russian MoD video was the Murmansk-BN which was developed by KRET. The long-range communications jamming system was specially designed to take out NATO and US high frequency military satellite communications. The EW system has a maximum coverage of 5,000 kilometers.
The primary target of the Murmansk-BN is the West’s High Frequency Global Communications System (HFGCS). The system can also intercept communications between warships, aircraft and satellites.
The Russian military places a special importance on integrating EW systems into its operations. This was very clear in the ongoing operation in Ukraine.
Russian EW systems has been reportedly playing a key role against Ukraine’s defense and offensive means, especially drones. According to the Russian MoD, the Krasukha-4 system has jammed 12 Ukrainian Bayraktar TB2 combat drones on its own, so far.