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Map: Russia-Turkish Safe Zone Agreement On Northeastern Syria

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Map: Russia-Turkish Safe Zone Agreement On Northeastern Syria

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On October 22 evening, Turkey and Russia reached a safe zone agreement on northeastern Syria. The text of the agreement:

President of the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan and President of The Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin agreed on the following points:

1. The two sides reiterate their commitment to the preservation of the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and the protection of national security of Turkey.

2. They emphasize their determination to combat terrorism in all forms and manifestations and to disrupt separatist agendas in the Syrian territory.

3. In this framework, the established status quo in the current Operation Peace Spring area covering Tel Abyad and Ras Al Ayn with a depth of 32 km will be preserved.

4. Both sides reaffirm the importance of the Adana Agreement. The Russian Federation will facilitate the implementation of the Adana Agreement in the current circumstances.

5. Starting 12.00 noon of October 23, 2019, Russian military police and Syrian border guards will enter the Syrian side of the Turkish-Syrian border, outside the area of Operation Peace Spring, to facilitate the removal of YPG elements and their weapons to the depth of 30 km from the Turkish-Syrian border, which should be finalized in 150 hours. At that moment, joint Russian-Turkish patrols will start in the west and the east of the area of Operation Peace Spring with a depth of 10 km, except Qamishli city.

6. All YPG elements and their weapons will be removed from Manbij and Tal Rifat.

7. Both sides will take necessary measures to prevent infiltrations of terrorist elements.

8. Joint efforts will be launched to facilitate the return of refugees in a safe and voluntary manner.

9. A joint monitoring and verification mechanism will be established to oversee and coordinate the implementation of this memorandum.

10. The two sides will continue to work to find a lasting political solution to the Syrian conflict within Astana Mechanism and will support the activity of the Constitutional Committee.

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  • Cronos Sin Apellidos

    If there is no time limit or similar… It`s not that good for syrian goverment. They managed to make some steps in taking control of their northern territory, but not too much, as Turkey will control all transport east-west, and commerce with Turkey.

  • Friend of Russia

    Once again the scum aka Putin has surrendered before Erdogan. He should have kicked the Turkish terrorists out of Syria. Even if someone invades Russia, this scum will offer him S 400 and create safe zone for the enemy.

  • klove and light

    lolololol

    the death Agreement for the syrian arab republic…..

    most important Point…… Turkey was and still is the number 1 supporter of sunni terrorism in syria including Isis and al-nusra.That beiing said, Turkey is now by Agreement been givin AFRIN and parts of northern syria North of manjib and raqqa.
    If one looks at the new “border area” of this “safe Zone”, it is tremendously vast in size and just IMPOSSIBLE to Control for the syrian Government, meaning ALL doors are open for the reemergence of the sunni terrorists to ALL parts of syria!!!

    second Point: as WE all know, Turkey is the main supporter of the sunni terrorists in Idlib.As WE all expected, the various “deescalation Agreements” and ceasefires did NOT work in Idlib, but rather on the contrary as the syrian Government has pointed out a dozen+ times.The syrian Government, SAA, is beiing hinderd to attack Idlib by russian Agreements with Turkey, including those dozen+ ridiculous ceasefires IMPLEMENTED by Russia.
    MY Point is….. IDLIB was not even mentioned.Not with one word!!!!and Turkey has said over and over again, it will not abonden its12 Military bases in Idlib.To this very day, Turkey is Sponsoring the terrorists in Idlib.FACT!

    And if you read this next bullshit russian Zionist Agreement from above, it has the same BS language as the bs “deescalatoon Agreement” of Idlib.I Quote:

    1. The two sides reiterate their commitment to the preservation of the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and the protection of national security of Turkey.
    2. They emphasize their determination to combat terrorism in all forms and manifestations and to disrupt separatist agendas in the Syrian territory.

    Both Points are word for word in the Idlib Agreement too.TERRITORIAL INTEGRITIY????????????

    a fucking russian Zionist joke……so if that is true…what the fuck is Turkey doing in afrin and Idlib???what the fuck is Turkey then doing in regards of Sponsorship of the various Terror Groups in Idlib.what the fuck is Turkey now invading and occupying parts of North syria as of last week??????

    what iam saying is that they write Things, but do exactly 180 Degrees the opposite on the Ground.
    zionist Modus Operandi!!!

    “they EMPHASIZE their Determination to COMBAT TERRORISM in ALL FORMS………”
    another fucking joke……seriously anybody with eyes and ears KNOWS that Turkey is the number one Sponsor of sunni terroriam in syria, including working topgether with Isis and al-nusra and supplyling chemical from turkish companiies( we know that because SAA found them stored in various Caves, was in all News including southfront)…..
    so that whole Agreement is a fucking Farce…………but the BEST ( thats sarcasm!!) Comes now at the end.

    THE fiucking US Zionist slave Forces are not leaving syria(as i wrote a week ago).They will stay in deir e zoor area, “protecting” the oil fields , hence protecting SDF/YPG Forces in that area.and they will also stay put in al-tanf.

    conclusion…..this new bs Zionist Agreement virtually puts nails into the coffin of the syrian arab republic.The only Thing for SAA that changed, is that they are now widely spread out in a vast area through several villages (kobani) or citiies(manjib) without Controlling the adjacent Areas.They now have a direct enemy in their Country, namely Turkey, which now has a much better strategic Position to help the various sunni Terror Groups.
    In short, SAA is now open for plenty of attacks on numerous fronts…all around syria again just as in the beginning.It has become extremely vulnerable once again.

    ps. 2 days ago….russian Military Police and SAA tried to move into Raqqa.They were Held back at gunpoint by SDF/YPG Forces…………make up your own conclusions but dont Forget the Facts on the Ground. ..

    the SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC is partioned.FACT!

    Afrin and Idlib occupied by turkish Islamist Proxy Forces.
    North syria occupied by the official TURKISH ARMED FORCES
    South east syria occupied by US Forces (the oil and gas Areas)
    South syria, al-tanf occupied by US forces
    West syria, Golan heights occupied by Zionist israel

    so anybody wriritng that all Looks good for syria….STOP THE FUCKING BULLSHITTIN DUDES!!!

    • Christian S

      i understand your message but compare current situation with the one in 2013, by time the occupied areas will return to Damascus. The only way u can control terrorist groups is to maintain the cashflow to it and this has become a burden for the powers that tried to break Damascus, the sultan has proven not to be able to control the terrorrists groups north will pave way for SAA to start operations soon. Tigers are ready and in place. I agree the large chunk of NSA control in will leave way for Deash to ecape to Turkey , SAA should patrol these frontlines, not SDF.

      • gustavo

        It is not a matter of making a comparison between being inside a bulshit area and being inside a toilet area. Better to make the comparison to be in a green grass with flower area.

    • Johan

      Note they speak about territorial integrity and mean afterwards we claim we send the rightfull owners aka or jihadists and terrorists. So territory ok, infiltration ok, ethnic cleansing ok, occupation ok because they are us terrorists and political influence securred ok. Erdogan might be eliminated by then but his satanic mind will survive.

    • Rhodium 10

      SAA would never have retaken huge Kurdish areas if Turkey hadnt invade small territory there!..and of course USA would be there!…ISIS have been defeated…FSA have no chance to rule Syria…HTS are being crushed everyday by RUAF/SAA airstrike beside artillery and have lost North Hama….but people write here that Russia are weak and yield to enemies….

      • gustavo

        Turkey is an enemy of Syria….. who is pleasing Turkey in Syria ?

        • Rhodium 10

          Idlib will be retake…and Erdogan will save the face with a little pockets in Kurdish desertic areas near its border…while Kurdish and SAA wont have problem between them due the threat of Turkish backed terrorist.

  • Johan

    Splendid, Turkey can start looting the next 1000 sqaure miles ans settling his Turkish created jihadists, Hts, Nsa,al Qauida, al Sham, Nursa or whatever name they use today. Heil the new Turkish caliphat.

  • Johan

    No time frame but agreement between two friends but clear ignorance of Syria and of course the Kurds. So this is no more or less as a unilateral invasion and occupation of a sovereign country.

  • gustavo

    Russia is again protecting and pleasing Turkey…..WOW, what $$$ can do in the heart of people.

  • DannyC

    some of you are missing the point here. Turkey was coming over that border to smash the Kurds one way or another. This was the best deal Russia could get and it’s a good one. The alternative was to do what? Declare war on Turkey a NATO country? There is no will for that in Russia or Iran. Neither has the money or the support at home for a prolonged war. The best thing you can do is manage the Turks in this situation so that they don’t stay there forever. The Kurds needed to be away from that border they were arming the PKK ( (a group that even Moscow recognizes as a terrorist group). Idlib can wait. They’ll be eradicated soon enough. the best part is, you got the US to withdraw from this area. That’s a win for everyone

    • Bill Wilson

      The Syrian Kurds don’t want anything to do with the PKK nor the Iraqi Kurds since they made money by allowing the transport of oil sold by ISIS across their territory to refineries inside Turkey and Iraq. Assad’s father did allow the PKK to set up bases in NE Syria when his regime was squabbling with Turkey over their reduced release of water from dams into the Euphrates River. The PKK was screwing up the Turkish dam projects for Assad to ensure a steady flow of water into Syria. Iraq nearly went to war with Syria when their new dams on the Euphrates decreased the flow of water into Iraq. International arbitration prevented war between those two and brought a halt to the dam projects in Turkey. Erdogan restarted the dam projects when the fighting in Syria began with stated plans to use their contained water for irrigation projects inside Turkey and to sell to neighboring countries that need water.
      There’s no international law that prevents a country from stopping the flow of streams and rivers into an adjoining country so Turkey can get away with forcing Syria and Iraq to pay for water to be released into the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers or from pipelines crossing their borders. Iran obtains water from one small river that flows out of Turkey so may become a major buyer of Turkish water if Erdogan has the ability to feed more water into it’s channel.
      Erdogan wants the border safe zones so he can man those with militant Syrian militias and Turk troops to prevent cross border incursions of Kurdish and Syrian troops hellbent on blowing up his dams to make the water flow again once it’s cut off. The US and coalition partner governments knew that was bound to happen so set up bases in northern Syria to keep the Turks out, along with providing military and construction training for the local Kurds and Arabs to drive out ISIS then do infrastructure repairs on their own. Assad and Putin naturally denounced the bases yet glad coalition forces were there since those were footing the costs along with keeping Turley at bay.
      Erdogan began to panic when the YPG/SDF and SAA were having success against the militant militias in northern Aleppo Province and Idlib so sent in his proxies and army to ensure those would be part of his western safe zone then later invaded Afrin to make it continuous.Then he started making constant threats to invade Rojava and further into Aleppo to grab Manjib. Damascus and the Kurds have been cooperating with each other to defeat ISIS, hold the Turk proxies at bay and in economic trade while trying to negotiate a political settlement. Erdogan noticed that the negotiations weren’t accomplishing much nor was the SAA against the militants in Idlib so decided it was time to mass troops across the river to the northern border with Rojava. I believe that Trump simply got tired of waiting for the Kurds and Damascus to reconcile so announced his sudden withdraw of US forces in Syria to force them to and let them deal with any Turkish invasion by combining forces. The Turk proxies didn’t race in pell mell due to US forces still being in the area which bought time for the SAA to send in troops and supplies to key regions. The US is keeping forces in NE Syria to keep the Turks away from the largest Syrian oil reserves, which are inside Turkey’s desired safe zone. I’m sure if Erdogan got ahold of those, he’d want to swap the oil for released water into the Euphrates. The water level in the Euphrates has been low for several years due to Turkey’s dams which has gotten Iraq upset again at Syria (and Turkey) since the river water is primarily used by both countries for agriculture irrigation. Syrians are now using more after ISIS got booted out which leaves less flowing into Iraq. Turkey already has reduced the flow into the Tigris which has pissed off all Iraqis. I think Erdogan will be goofy enough to threaten to curtail the flow into the Euphrates even more if he isn’t given his demanded safe zone across the northern border. Trump probably felt in his gut that would happen anyways even with coalition forces stationed there so it would be logical to get them out of the way to avoid having to chose sides over water rights and place the burden of protecting Syria from Erdogan on Russia.

      • DannyC

        this is awesome info that I never knew. Thank you for this

    • Sparrow

      What is not shown on the map is that it is Turkish/Russian joint patrol according to the Adana deal. https://indianpunchline.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Sochi-2-1024×1024.png
      The SAA is stretched to be able to control the entire border not to mention the Iraq side where many US/terrorist went to. Even Iraq is not happy with the thugs coming across their border as no one wants them.

  • EveryoneIsBiased

    Now folks, what have i said..
    ;)

  • Sasan Jamshidi

    Russia …hmmmm pffffff