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Written and produced by SF Team: J.Hawk, Daniel Deiss, Edwin Watson
You can read this article in German. LINK
At the end of the Cold War, the level of international tension has considerably declined for at least a decade, thanks to widespread multilateral disarmament bolstered by a variety of arms control regimes for conventional and nuclear armaments. That decade also saw the rapid deterioration of Russia’s early warning and surveillance systems as satellites launched during the Soviet era exhausted their service lives and crashed into the atmosphere without being replaced. At first, this was either not seen as an urgent priority by Russian decisionmakers or, if it was, there were more urgent priorities for scarce defense funding in an era of a prolonged economic crisis.
Fast-forwarding a decade, we find ourselves in a radically different situation. There is no more “end of history” optimism in the air, nor is there a sense of durable US hegemony either that seemed so permanent in the 1990s. Unfortunately, history tells us that such shifts in the global balance of power are fraught with danger, as the fading hegemon has an incentive to resort to extreme, reckless measures to preserve that hegemony. What makes the current situation unprecedented is this being the first hegemonic transition of the nuclear age. In the past, nuclear deterrence existed only in the context of relatively stable bipolar and then unipolar systems. Does nuclear deterrence mutually assured destruction still work under conditions of a multipolar system experiencing a hegemonic transition?
International relations theory has no answer to that question, but the US national security establishment appears to think that it doesn’t, particularly in an era of emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, drone and missile swarms, hypersonic delivery vehicles, and possibly even directed energy weapons. Crash US programs in developing all of the above, far beyond anything that might be termed reasonable defensive sufficiency under conditions of the US spending far more on defense than anyone else in the world, do raise the possibility of long-term plans to prevail in the new round of great power competition through not only covert action and “hybrid warfare”, but also, if an opportunity arises, through good old fashioned strategic first strike which need no longer be delivered using nuclear weapons.
The point of Cold War-era nuclear arms treaties was not to limit the number of nuclear warheads for its own sake. Rather, it was to deprive the two superpowers of their ability to launch a disarming and decapitating strike which, given technologies of the era, could only be launched using nuclear weapons. That is still the case today, but may not be by 2030 should the US complete its planned rearmament with a large array of land-, air-, and sea-based long-range stealthy and hypersonic weapons. Even the US Army, with its plans for “1,000-mile cannon” is once again getting into the game of strategic strike, to speak nothing of land-based hypersonic missiles. And strategic strike using non-nuclear warheads is a novel scenario in which the old “mutually assured destruction” calculations may not apply. Combined with the explosive growth of US anti-ballistic missile programs, if the rest of the world stands still, by 2030 US decisionmakers might find themselves tempted to launch such a strategic strike against even a major nuclear weapons state like Russia or China, to say nothing of mid-level powers like Iran or North Korea, particularly if they have no nuclear deterrent to begin with.
Except the rest of the world is not about to stand still, and the Liana space surveillance system is an important component of the Russian response to US initiatives. The imminent era of post-nuclear strategic strike demands strategic defense and stability cannot be provided solely by anti-ballistic early warning systems. They would simply provide warning of an attack once it was underway, and in view of the possibility that large numbers of hypersonic missiles could be launched very close to Russia’s borders from the territory of NATO member-states following a rapid and covert deployment, as well as submarines and stealthy bombers, that warning might come too late to make an effective response possible. To make matters worse still, US drive to destroy the Open Skies Treaty that is supposed to prevent precisely that kind of a covert preparation for a first strike, is also indicative of what the long-term US plans are.
Liana is therefore intended to provide that kind of strategic early warning, as well as operational target designation, in the event of an attempted surprise first strike. The satellite constellation is to consist of two types of satellites. The first, Pion-NKS, is a 6.5 ton satellite intended for a 67-degree, 500km orbit, with service life of more than three years. It’s development is nearly complete at the Arsenal Design Bureau. It is a high-resolution radar reconnaissance satellite, capable of positively identifying “car-sized” objects on the Earth’s surface. The second component of the Liana will be Lotos-S, a six-ton satellite operating on a 67-degree, 900km apogee orbit, and performing passive detection, identification, and location of electronic emitters, including radio communications. It was developed by the Arsenal Design Bureau, in collaboration with several other scientific research institutions. Both types of satellites are expected to be launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, using the proven and reliable Soyuz-2-1b launch vehicles. The complete Liana configuration is to consist of two Pion-NKS and two Lotos-S satellites, and open-source information sources suggest the two satellite types have a fair amount of component commonality in order to allow them not only to complement one another, but to perform each other’s primary missions though in a degraded form. So far there have been three Lotos-S launches from Plesetsk, with the first 2009 one being a failure, and the 2015 and 2018 one a success. No Pion-NKS launches have been scheduled yet, but the satellite’s advanced stage of development suggests they will occur in the coming years.
Technological advances mean that once complete, Liana will serve as a replacement for both the Legenda naval surveillance and target designation satellite network, and the Tselina radioelectronic reconnaissance one, thus providing Russian decisionmakers with the ability to monitor troop deployments and electronic activity that would inevitably precede a strategic first strike. Liana will also no doubt prove itself useful in non-Doomsday scenarios as well. The Syria experience revealed the need for reliable detection and target designation of NATO cruise-missile launch assets, including aircraft, submarines, and surface vessels. Liana’s capabilities mean both the assets themselves, other than submarines, and their communications can be monitored to reveal preparations for a strike and provide targeting information as well. It is not clear Russia would have been able to accurately strike at US warships launching cruise missiles at Syria had they been directed against Russian bases. The absence of radar surveillance satellites was a painful gap in Russia’s capabilities at that time, one that will be filled in the coming years.
US would be working hard now on destroying Russia if they only could have obtained hyper sonic weapons first. What would be the purpose of such country that would put existence of all planet at risque, only to grab all the power. Their perfect plan is to stay only existing global parasite and forever…Never to be challenged. Too late US !
It cant come fast enough.This should also enhance and provide more conventional options.
Russia dont improve in economy. Tempting to predict a new economic collapse. They are ,limited by not ebeing able to plunder their escaped Neocolonialisme.
USA is not that bad in economy, but it would make more sense they renewed and updated many things there.
tiresome CIA propaganda from the US colony–heavily indebted like your master auntie sam—Russia vast reserves—far more university graduates than US and dk per capita…likely u r as pitiful as the murikans; 1/3 cannot read above the 5th grade level per US dept of education…this is how idiots like u build an economy…LOL
your economy in deep recession–US economy contracted 35%—180,000 enterprises permanently bankrupt in past 6 months; Russian economy predicted to grow 3-4% 2021,,,already larger than Germany per World Economic Forum–your confusions expect ed from a member of an uneducated amerikan colony
why answer the jew bastard????
just take a look at his used name here…….”jens”… lolol
so the dirty takes the german name of the nation that was and still is getting raped by british zionism………the old NAZI
NAZI is the shortcut for the DEAL/ agreement between zionism and german nationalists
NA = NSDAP ZI= ZIONISM
hence … NAZI
Haávara agreement……. signed on 25 august 1933
And Allah is from Allabama coucin to Harpo Marx playing for him too:)
CIA trolls and hasbarats will cry and rage :)
agree–u r too stupid, mechanical, emotionless to cry
Unprofessional, amateurish and against all International rules and treaties, Russia continues to acts as if they were an equal partner to the United States which they are NOT.
Russia needs to come back from the skies and realize what they are: A gas station with a rusty iron army in an economy in tatters, figthing an quagmire war in Syria they never can win!
Nobody can win against a winner, only a loser.
I agree. If Russia want to be big, they have to change and make a productive middleclass.
That only can be done by education implementing more effectivity …
the dullard dane—the international joke at SF
u r a junior partner …a plywood nation of white trash..indebted by 27 trillion—a contracted economy by 35% during the past 6 months that imports everything exports only pedophiles—Russia vast reserves, economic contraction less than 5%, expected to rebound in 6 months USA no middle class—greatest income/wealth disparities of all nations (gini-coeffecient) than all but a few African, 2 s amerikan nations USA vast extreme poverty like their colony Denmark—Russia zero extreme poverty Russian education far exceeds USA where even 70% US grads not English proficient—-recent PERLS study US children like Danes, worse than 40th—Russian children #1 your feminine insecurity amuses
I bought a 4 month supply of natural quinine for bioterror defense. Hydroxychloroquine is a synthetic variant of medicinal quinine.
– Hydroxychloroquine –
Hi Richard! Where have you been? I expected you to appear in article about UFO! Have some interesting info for you: Russia started to build a prototype of interplanetary tug ship with ionic engines and nuclear power supply. Here is the info in Russian but you can translate it with google. https://german-kmw.livejournal.com/112316.html
The million dollar question is what exists in government and private sequestered secret space programs involving field drive sub lumen and super lumen field drive technology that is much faster than chemical rockets? Ionic propulsion is a step in that direction.
A big step! If they will succeed that means no more inertial flights to others planets in our Solar system.
I didn’t see a top speed, though I couldn’t read the script in the video. How fast will it go?
There is no speed mentioned in the article. But if we will apply the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation where m0=mf due to the fact that propellant remains almost unchanged, the speed should tend to be equal to the light speed in a quite far point of trajectory. But the real speed has to be slower than light but much faster than speed of current Earth spaceships because now the ship accelerates in the beginning of the route and then it flies using the inertia of initial acceleration. While the new ship can accelerate on the whole trajectory. It is like difference between arrow and missile.
Makes sense. I wonder how long it will take to get up to speeds above rocket power, and what the plan is to deal with space debris? Like going through the asteroid belt.
Asteroid belt has very low density. Some scientists says that probability of collision in asteroid belt is 1 to 1 mln.
“Before 1820, the bark of the cinchona tree was first dried, ground to a fine powder, and then mixed into a liquid (commonly wine) before being drunk. In 1820, quinine was extracted from the bark, isolated and named by Pierre Joseph Pelletier and Joseph Caventou. Purified quinine then replaced the bark as the standard treatment for malaria . Quinine and other cinchona alkaloids including quinidine, cinchonine and cinchonidine are all effective against malaria. The efficacies of these four alkaloids were evaluated in one of the earliest clinical trials, conducted from 1866 to 1868 in 3600 patients using prepared sulfates of the alkaloids. With the main outcome measure of “cessation of febrile paroxysms”, all four alkaloids were found to be comparable, with cure rates of >98%. However, after 1890 quinine became the predominantly used alkaloid, mainly due to a change in supply from South American to Javan cinchona bark, which contained a higher proportion of quinine . Quinine remained the mainstay of malaria treatment until the 1920s, when more effective synthetic anti-malarials became available. The most important of these drugs was chloroquine, which was extensively used, especially beginning in the 1940s . With heavy use, chloroquine resistance developed slowly. Resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine was seen in parts of Southeast Asia and South America by the late 1950s, and was widespread in almost all areas with falciparum malaria by the 1980s. With increasing resistance to chloroquine, quinine again played a key role, particularly in the treatment of severe malaria . To-date quinine continues to play a significant role in the management of malaria.”
– Quinine, an old anti-malarial drug in a modern world: role in the treatment of malaria –
Please be very careful with Hydroxychloroquine. In case of overdose it has devastating side effects. Please read about it.
Prescription medications are prescription because they’re potentially unsafe. Supplements are over the counter because they’re generally less dangerous.
There have been 6 deaths from overdoses over the decades that it’s been legal. You can overdose on almost any drug if you ingest enough of it. At prescribed levels it’s safe in most cases. It’s approved for pregnant mothers. And has been used for decades with few complications. It’s not even prescription in some nations with malaria problems. You can buy it over the counter.
There is enormous quality evidence showing that Hydroxychloroquine is both safe and highly effective against Covid 19. Particularly when used early as a deterrent.
The studies showing it unsafe and ineffective for Covid 19 have been reported by many qualified medical sources to be designed to fail scamdemic hack jobs. Leading medical journals won’t even run the fraudulent studies:
“The Lancet, one of the world’s top medical journals, on Thursday retracted an influential study that raised alarms about the safety of the experimental Covid-19 treatments chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine amid scrutiny of the data underlying the paper. …
Outside experts, however, quickly raised concerns after noticing inconsistencies in the data. They asked the company that compiled and analyzed the data, Surgisphere, to explain how it sourced its data.
As scrutiny grew, the authors on the paper not affiliated with Surgisphere called for an independent audit. In their Lancet statement Thursday, they said that Surgisphere was not cooperating with the independent reviewers and would not provide the data.”
– Lancet, New England Journal retract Covid-19 studies, including one that raised safety concerns about malaria drugs –
false—I can purchase many medicines in Russia, Argentina, etc directly from a pharmacist with no prescription where when I lived in USA a RX is required
That’s the difference between over the counter medicine that doesn’t need a prescription and prescription medicine that does need a prescription. Prescription medicine is more dangerous, that’s why it requires a doctor’s prescription.
Supplements are usually natural medicinals, over the counter medicine is synthetic medicine made from chemicals that doesn’t require a prescription, and prescription medicine requires a doctor’s prescription to purchase it. What category a particular item falls into varies by location. But to the best of my knowledge this is the basic structure everywhere.
“July 02, 2020
DETROIT – Treatment with hydroxychloroquine cut the death rate significantly in sick patients hospitalized with COVID-19 – and without heart-related side-effects, according to a new study published by Henry Ford Health System.
In a large-scale retrospective analysis of 2,541 patients hospitalized between March 10 and May 2, 2020 across the system’s six hospitals, the study found 13% of those treated with hydroxychloroquine alone died compared to 26.4% not treated with hydroxychloroquine. None of the patients had documented serious heart abnormalities; however, patients were monitored for a heart condition routinely pointed to as a reason to avoid the drug as a treatment for COVID-19.”
– Treatment with Hydroxychloroquine Cut Death Rate Significantly in COVID-19 Patients, Henry Ford Health System Study Shows –
Thats not true. The bad sides are better then the good ones. Many links confirm that.
idiot—HQ has long been employed to treat malaria devoid of any side effects…you r always wrong—remarkable
Many links say same thing. Idddijots are people making no factchecking or dont care.
du bist ssooo dummm…
hydroxychlorouine ist ein malaria mittel seit 1955
ist eine weiterentwicklung von chloroquin, das 1935 entwickelt wurde.
hydroxycholorine wird und wurde schon MILLIARDEN fach eingenommen OHNE probleme..du IDIOT……schon mal URlaub gemacht in KENIA???
dummer juden schwanz……MALARIA Medikamente sind PFLICHT in BRD!!!
Wir sind nicht “DU”.
treatments of less than 1 week in combination with other medicines have generally been effective—those w pre-morbid conditions –especially kidney, heart disease, have greater risk according to reports
In Russian Liana = Liana Lotos = Lotus Pion = Peony
Putin has already answered this question, any strike on Russia, its armed forces or its people will be met with a nuclear response eliminating any question of hesitation in responding. The MIC is so addicted on trillions taxed and trillions not accounted for nor reported. This has to be a ruse to soak tax payers, their children and grand children into continued slavery, theft of its commons, treasure and unalienable rights even after the US has become third world status. Then the transnational criminal cabal will move on to its new host, rinse and repeat.
In response to, “strategic strike using non-nuclear warheads is a novel scenario in which the old “mutually assured destruction” calculations may not apply”
http://www.sott.net/article/441627 if only the CIA employees that comment here could hope to transform their ply wood nation into a 3rd world nation….their own national association of engineers grades their infrastructure D+ “nothing tells you more about a people than their architecture”. Jonathon Swift “the absence of architecture in amerikan cities (vaporized shoe boxes per PauL Fussell) is a dazzling denial of culture” “the people of north amerika accept a level of ugliness in their daily lives nearly without precedent in the history of western civilization”. Yuri Bezmenov