On August 22nd, Iran unveiled its indigenous mobile air missile defense system – the Bavar-373.
The unveiling took place during the National Defense Industry Day celebrations.
The system was unveiled by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Defense Minister Amir Hatami
“With this long-range air defense system, we can detect … targets or planes at more than 300 km (190 miles), lock it at about 250 km, and destroy it at 200 km,” Hatami said.
Thee Bavar-373 is a long-range mobile air defense system which was initially revealed in August 2016. A distinguishing feature of Bavar-373 is its vertical launching system with square launchers, mostly used for air defense on warships.
The missile system uses a long-range, phased array fire-control radar and employs three different types of missiles to hit targets at various altitudes.
The new system is said to be capable of neutralizing both conventional aerial targets such as aircraft and drones, as well as high-speed ballistic missiles.
Iran is said to have launched the project in 2010 after Russia suspended a $900 million deal signed in 2007 to deliver the S-300 complex. Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, ordered the development of the missile system, after then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev banned armed sales to the country in light of UN sanctions against Tehran.
The agreement was put on hold after the UN Security Council adopted resolution 1929 that banned the sale of weapons to Tehran.
A senior Iranian military commander said on October 16th 2011 that the Bavar-373 (meaning ‘Belief’) system is more advanced than the Russian S-300 in terms of defense against aircraft and cruise missiles.
Whether that is true is dubious.
Back in 2011, Executive Deputy Head of Khatam al-Anbia Air Defense Base Gen. Shahrokh Shahram told IRNA that when we were talking about purchasing the S-300 anti-aircraft missile defense system it was necessary to counter the threats of that time.
During the August 22nd 2019 Defense Minister Amir Hatami said that this unveiling was not final and “in the near future” there would be a complete unveil.
Iran has a practice of unveiling weapon systems more than once, in sort of “sneak-peaks,” which is evident in some recent unveilings of drones, loitering weapons, smart bombs and so on.
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