The International Atomic Energy Agency said in a declassified letter released on Friday (19 June) that earlier this year it had “identified a number of questions related to possible undeclared nuclear material and nuclear-related activities at three locations in Iran that had not been declared by Iran.”
The agency requested “clarifications” from Iran several times regarding Iran’s nuclear activities, including its stockpiles of uranium and whether it had engaged in research and development of nuclear processes.
However, Iran refused to allow IAEA inspectors access to several locations where it is thought that possible nuclear projects might be ongoing. Iran replied to the claims saying it does “not recognize any allegation on past activities and does not consider itself obliged to respond to such allegations.”
The IAEA letter claims that the agency “continued to request clarifications and access,” though by early March Iran still had not allowed access to the locations.
The IAEA claimed that Iran’s refusal to provide access to the sites as requested was “adversely affecting the Agency’s ability to clarify and resolve the questions and thereby to provide credible assurance of the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran.”
The IAEA adopted a resolution on Friday called on Iran to “fully cooperate with the Agency and satisfy the Agency’s requests without any further delay, including by providing prompt access to the locations specified by the Agency.” LINK
Iran has signed and ratified the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and has been subjected to a stringent series of inspections by IAEA inspectors that few if any other countries have been subjected to.
Beyond the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Iran also signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), an agreement with China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) in July 2015, which was subsequently endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015). The JCPOA established a range of additional limitations on Iran’s nuclear program along with extensive monitoring and verification measures in return for sanctions relief and economic cooperation. In May 2018, the United States announced its withdrawal from the agreement and subsequently reinstated U.S. sanctions on Iran.
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