On November 18, Russian sources shared a video documenting an attack with KUB-BLA loitering munitions, commonly called a kamikaze drones, on the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU).
The video shows three strikes on gatherings of AFU troops on a road near the village of Pavlivka on Donetsk front. Several Ukrainian soldiers were apparently killed or wounded as a result of the pinpoint strikes, which were coordinated with the help of a surveillance drone and took place at night time.
The KUB-BLA was developed by the ZALA Aero Group to engage static targets, including gatherings of manpower and equipment.
The loitering munition has an operational range of up to 60 kilometers, an endurance of 30 minutes and a top speed of 130 kilometers per hour.
The KUB-BLA is armed with a HE-Frag [high explosive fragmentation] warhead that weights three kilograms. The loitering munition’s warhead explodes over the target with the help of a proximity fuze, which maximizes the damage.
The Russian military has been using the KUB-BLA and other types of loitering munitions, like the ZALA Aero Group’s Lancet and the Geranium-1 and 2 which are thought to be copies of Iran’s Shahed-131 and 136, since the beginning of its special operation in Ukraine with much success. These systems have already inflicted heavy human and material losses on the AFU.
So far, Ukraine’s air defense systems and electronic warfare means have been largely ineffective against Russian loitering munitions.