The Brazilian Armed Forces are preparing for a military confrontation in South America, a drastic turnaround in the country’s foreign security policy which suggests the country’s generals are no longer averse to the idea of being junior partners in the US’ imperial projects in the region.
According to a report published last Friday by the newspaper O Estado de Sao Paulo, the latest version of Brazil’s Defence White Paper declares that, for the Brazilian Armed Forces, South America is no longer a region free of possible warfare, and therefore the Army should be prepared to intervene in the “solution” of regional problems.
“We must constantly evaluate emerging tensions and crises in the strategic environment, with possible negative impacts for Brazil, so that the country is capable of contributing to the solution of possible controversies or of defending its interests.”
“The updated version of the Defence guidelines does not cite potential adversary countries, but notes that there are more tensions and crises in the South American region, where Brazil has the largest Army,” the newspaper report states.
The Brazilian Defence Minister, General Fernando Azevedo e Silva, stated that the plan is simply the updating of an official State policy and that it has already been reviewed by President Jair Bolsonaro.
When mentioning the current tension between Brazil and Venezuela, the new Defence White Paper declares that the idea of a possible conflict with the Bolivarian country is not that farfetched and it identifies Venezuela as the most critical point of tension in the region.
The hypothesis of conflict with Venezuela surfaced in 2019 when Brazil participated with Colombia in a supposed humanitarian operation which attempted to deliver food into Venezuela by force through border areas, as part of an action sponsored by the United States. LINK
The document also maintains the attention inherited from the Government of former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2010), on the area that the Brazilian military calls the Blue Amazon, the strategic riches of the 8,000 kilometres of Atlantic coast.
The document suggests reinforcing the Navy’s presence on the north Atlantic coast, in the state of Pará, and notes that for the protection of its lengthy maritime coast Brazil is building a nuclear powered submarine with French technology (pursuant to an accord signed by former President Lula de Silva).
“The Amazon, as well as the South Atlantic, is an area of geostrategic interest for Brazil. Protecting biodiversity, mineral and water resources, as well as energy potential, is a priority for the country”, says the official document. It also notes ongoing preparations against potential adverse “foreign interests” in the Amazon jungle, the largest water and biodiversity reserve in the world, 60% of which belongs to Brazil. LINK
According to the report in the Brazilian newspaper, the revised defence manual will be delivered next week to Congress, in a political context in which, for the first time since 1985, President Jair Bolsonaro has appointed military officers to head nine of the government’s ministries.
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