In October 2019, the Kozelks and Okhotsk Project 22800 Karakurt-class guided-missile corvettes (small missile ships) were launched, at the More Shipyard in Feodosia, Crimea.
These are the two first warships to be manufactured at the shipyard, under the control of Leningrad Shipbuilding plant Pella.
The Kozelsk was launched on October 9th, from the More shipyard and towed through the inland waterways from Feodosia to the Pella shipbuilding plant on October 17th, in the Leningrad region.
The Okhotsk was launched on October 29th and hasn’t been towed to the Pella shipbuilding plant yet.
Project 22800 was developed by Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau JSC (St. Petersburg) and is aimed as a replacement for the Russian Navy of project 21631 Buyan-class corvette, developed by Zelenodolsk Design Bureau (JSC) (construction of the latter is limited to 12 units so far).
To date, the Russian Navy has contracted 18 corvettes of project 22800. The construction of the first seven corvettes of project 22800 is carried out by the Pella shipbuilding plant.
The laying ceremony for the Russian Navy of the first two crovettes of Project 22800 “Hurricane” (in 2018 it was renamed Mytishchi) and Typhoon (now called Sovetsk) was held at the Pella plant on December 24th, 2015.
The launch of the MRK “Hurricane” was carried out on July 29th, 2017. The contract deadline for Hurricane was 2017.
In reality, however, the Hurricane ship did not go to factory sea trials until May 17th, 2018 and began the State trials on October 16th, 2018. The ship was commissioned by the Baltic Fleet under the name Mytishchi on December 17th, 2018.
The second corvette – Typhoon (now Sovetsk) was launched on November 24th, 2017, and was officially commissioned, after passing all trials on May 20th, 2019, and on October 12th, 2019, the ship was introduced into the Russian Navy.
The third corvette – Shkval (now called Odintsovo) was laid down at the Pella shipbuilding plant on July 29th, 2016 and launched on May 5th, 2018. On December 24, 2016, the fourth corvette of the project – Shtorm was launched at the Pella shipbuilding plant and it launched on October 23rd, 2018.
Shtorm is also the first corvette of the class launched at the More shipyard in Feodosia, Crimea. It was renamed to Kozelsk, which launched on the above-mentioned date.
The second corvette Okhotsk was laid down in Feodosia on March 17th, 2017, and launched on October 29th, 2019.
The third corvette Vihry was laid down on December 19th, 2017. And those are all three corvettes that are being constructed at the More Shipyard in Feodosia, Crimea.
There are other corvettes of the project 22800 being constructed at other shipyards.
Most of them have delays such as the ones described above, primarily due to the slow production rate of the warships’ M507 diesel engines, manufactured by PJSC Zvezda.
The Project 22800 Karakurt-class corvette is a class of small missile ships. Project 22800 was first publicly presented by Almaz during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2015», held in Kubinka. At the time, the class was presented yet as Project 12300. During the exhibition, it was also announced 18 ships are planned for construction.
Displacement: 800 t.
Length: 67 m
Beam: 11 m
Draft: 3.3 m
Propulsion: diesel Zvezda ZE M-507D1 with 3 diesel generators DGAS-315
Speed: 30 knots
Range: 2,500 nmi (4,600 km; 2,900 mi)
Endurance: 15 days
- 1 × 76.2 mm 59-caliber AK-176MA or 100 mm A-190 automatic dual-purpose guns;
- 1 × Pantsir-M CIWS with Hermes-K missiles;
- or 1 × 3M89 Palash/ Palma CIWS with Sosna-R missiles (4+4 SAM in total 8 plus under reload units) or 2 × AK-630M-2 CIWS (on first 2 vessels);
- 2 × 4 UKSK VLS cells for Kalibr or P-800 Oniks anti-ship/cruise missiles;
- 2 × 14.5 mm MTPU machineguns.
It also has a launch pad for Orlan-10 unmanned aerial vehicles.
Despite the delays, the production of the warships appears to be going without issue and there have been no noteworthy technical or other issues reported.
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