Fethullah Gulen – Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

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Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

This analysis was originally released by SouthFront in August, 2017

Fethullah Gulen, an imam of Turkish origin currently residing in the US, has officially been accused by Turkish authorities of organizing the July 16 military coup in Turkey. Even though an extradition treaty exists between Turkey and the US, the State Department cited the absence of clear evidence of Gulen’s complicity in the coups preparation and refused to turn him over to Turkish authorities. Over a year has passed since the original accusations were made; however, Gulen’s name has practically vanished from Turkish and US media. But what about his influence? Who is he, and what does the shadowy global organization he created represent?

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

July 16, 2016

Gulen’s adherents declare him none other than a 21st century humanitarian who opposes the clash of civilizations theory with practicing dialogue and mutual understanding among them. Gulen’s critics claim he is yet another populist attempting to establish a personal following by destroying the foundations of Islam. Others assuredly assert he’s an agent of the world government working to strengthen US and Israeli dominance in the world order.

“US is the captain of the ship, none of the organizations attempting to oppose it can hope to succeed” –Fethullah Gulen

Many believe that Gulen, being a follower of Said Nusri, a contemporary of Ataturk and his main political foe, is against Ataturk’s idea of a secular Turkey. At the same time he is representing a modernist faction of Islam which opposes the radicals.

“I said it before and will say it again: republican form of government and secularism which serve good purposes, have God’s blessing.” – Fethullah Gulen

It would appear that these assessments are polar opposites when attempting to deal with the Gulenist idea of building “a new world” in peace and in a symbiotic relationship with Islam. The Gulenist concept actively and successfully works with the changed learning style of youth in the Global Era. The concept effectively exploits both modern and traditional trends.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

A man holds a placard reading, “Take your hands of Turkish democracy” with Gulen’s portrait, in Istanbul on July 20. (Berk Ozkan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)

The word “effectiveness” is at the center of Gulen’s practices, while surrounded by a multitude of lovely words dear to Eastern thought. Gulen’s movement is called “Hizmet”, which can be translated loosely in English as “attendance” or “service”, but the actual meaning of this word best conveys the word “allegiance”, or more accurately, allegiance to the effectiveness of the Movement through the personal effectiveness and success of each member of the Movement.

Interestingly, it is the Hizmet movement which facilitated the current Turkish leader Erdogan’s career, his victories over opponents.

Gulen’s organization (FETO, Fethullahçı Terör Örgütü, as it is called by official Ankara) has no formal structure, cells, or written rules.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Source: AP Photo

The organizational structure has often been described as a “flexible organizational network.” Membership is not clearly defined. It exists on the boundary between education, economic relations, and religious doctrine. The organization is a huge network of large and small structures, firms, and civil initiatives, which are not formally tied to one another, but in actuality are part of the same “pyramid.” The pyramid’s foundations are education, economy, and religion. Due to the specific approaches and methods used by FETO, some experts refer to it as “Islamic freemasonry.”

Gulenists themselves claim they number 5 million members all over the world.

EDUCATION

Gulen’s adherents place a major emphasis on education. Gulen made it a priority to raise what he describes as a “new golden generation”. In the 1960s he opened his first schools in Izmir, beginning an educational network that would expand rapidly over the next 40 years. The organization’s foundation is anchored by the thousands of schools scattered around the world, mainly in countries with a strong Islamic tradition and sizable proportion of Muslims. In most cases, these schools are not formally subordinated to Gulen and not connected to each other in any clear way.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

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These schools are usually opened in underprivileged areas or neighborhoods, where they attract the most gifted children. Countries of Central Asia and the Trans-Caucasus with a predominantly Turkic language—speaking population are a particular focus. Gulen exported his idea of private education to Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine. Such schools also exist in Kenya where they are called the Academy of Light, in Pakistan—Pak-Turk, and in Kyrgyzstan—Sebat. There are 25 such schools with 12.5 thousand students in Kyrgyzstan, which has a total population of 6 million. Schools of this kind, until recently, operated in 164 countries scattered across the globe.

By some estimates, Gulen’s educational empire is estimated at between $20 billion and $30 billion.

Parents prefer to send their kids to Gulenist schools with new computers and classrooms which offer free trips to Turkey and instruction in several foreign languages, rather than normal schools which are in a terrible state of underfunding and mismanagement. Gulenist schools are boarding schools. Students become drawn to the teachers who influence their charges using a variety of means. These means include joint picnics, talks, and family visits.

Many people believe that the teachers write classified evaluations of students and put together dossiers in the interests of Gulen’s organization. The students are later aided in getting accepted into good universities. Some of them go to Turkey, often to the Gazi University, while others remain in their native countries.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

Gazi University

Those who leave for Turkey represent part of the “brain drain”, and are pressured to return back home. Those who remain in their home countries are “raw material” for preparing a lobby within that country. They are the subject of intensive work. Often the graduates are not aware of the attention and help, and therefore are unaware of being part of a huge “pyramid” of Gulen’s influence.

“Don’t hurry to take power. We’ll wait, and will gather ripe fruit in 20 years. You should move through the system’s arteries so that nobody notices we exist until you reach all the centers of power. You should wait until you take the whole world on your shoulders and carry it. Until then, each step would be premature—you will simply break the egg, before the chick is hatched after 40 days.” – Fethullah Gulen

ECONOMY

As far as economy is concerned, organizations and companies which are part of Gulen’s network get help in opening or developing their businesses, receive interest-free loans, and assistance in securing investments or contracts, but with the condition that the recipients of such assistance will help with educational or other Gulen-linked projects. Many members of that structure often are not even aware of their membership. They have links to only one layer of the pyramid and don’t suspect others exist.

RELIGION

With religion the situation is more complex. Gulenism is a branch of Nursism, whose aim is to change the society’s consciousness. It is also permissible to segment one’s followers and offer each group a different explanation of religious norms, and to demand different standards of discipline when practicing religion. Gulenist ideologues don’t really work on “peaceful coexistence of religions and their adherents” but rather re-interpenetration and creating a new religion for a new era.

In practice, many become part of the organization thanks to economic and educational prospects combined with liberal views and the general spirit of freedom. Gulen, after all, publicly defends Israel, allows women not to cover their heads and wear short skirts, and allows men to drink alcohol. But Gulen’s structures also actively work with another segment of society, a more conservative one, which is attracted by what they view as Gulen’s “correct” interpretation of Islam.

“Those who reject religion gradually lose respect for such values and concepts as honor, family, nation.” –Fethullah Gulen

The most staunchly believing children are segregated into separate groups, often with their own dormitories, where they receive special attention. The graduates of such dormitories often appear among the ranks of various extremist groups. This seemingly contradictory nature of means and methods leads the critics of Gulenism to believe that “Gulenism is not really a religious movement but rather something akin to a Masonic lodge, a chameleonic movement with changing interests and flexible means of reaching its aim.”

POLITICS

Concerning Gulen himself, he is a very clever individual. He spells everything out, while leaving things unsaid. For example, when Gulen was accused of organizing the latest coup in Turkey, he responded that he has never supported military coups. Is that true? Yes, it is apparently true that Gulen never supported coups in the past, having always opposed them, and fought against the secular regime. But, he also tried hard not to call the events of the summer of 2016 a coup.  Gulen called it all manner of things including national anger, but not a coup. These details are worthy of attention.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

Turkish soldiers secure the area as supporters of Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan protest in Istanbul’s Taksim square, early Saturday, July 16, 2016. (AP Photo/Emrah Gurel)

Gulen categorically denies any political ambitions, always speaks of himself as a religious and civic leader, even though it’s clear he’s a political player. Considering his active ties to various US groups of influence, and the fact that he does enjoy political asylum in the US, which was obtained after his prosecution was launched in Turkey, his ability to influence the political and social situation in Turkey are irrefutable.

“No citizen or civic group can be fully isolated from politics, because political decisions impact their lives. Civic organizations having a specific role in politics is a norm in democratic societies, but that doesn’t make Hizmet a political movement.” – Fethullah Gulen

Interestingly, immediately following the Turkey coup attempt, a theory surfaced stating that the Russian SU-24 shot down over Syria was not downed on Turkish government orders, but by Gulenist pilots acting independently. “It was the ‘parallel state’ that damaged our relations with Russia. It was an incident in which one of the pilots of that structure was a participant. We did not reveal it before, we kept it to ourselves. But I, Melikh Gekcek, am saying that our relations were damaged by these evildoers,” said the mayor of Ankara.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

A protest banner shows President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (centre) and cleric Fethullah Gulen (R) at a demonstration on December 30, 2013 in Istanbul (AFP Photo/Ozan Kose)

In addition, there exists an opinion that was outlined by several US authors, that Gulen was one of the founders of the currently ruling Party of Justice and Welfare, and that Erdogan and Gulen were unwilling to share power within it. Indeed, initially the party was a collection of political, moderate Islamic, and conservative groups. In 2012 Erdogan called Gulen a “teacher” and even called on him to return to Turkey stating, “Being abroad causes yearning which is hard to cope with. The separation should come to an end. Your current attitude shows that you, like everyone, want that yearning to end. I understand it. Let the yearning end.”

ORGANIZATION SPECIFICS AND LOBBYING

Organizations tied to Gulen are most dangerous, because they are difficult to identify as such, exercise their influence indirectly, and their actions cannot be easily anticipated. Gulen is at the very top. Immediately under him are subordinated the so-called Council of Seven, which deals with all the organizational matters, including the spreading of Gulenism. Each country has imams of various levels. They are responsible for contacts with the police, state institutions, and ensuring that the organization’s members are embedded in these governmental and civic structures. There is also a strict administrative hierarchy: city imams, who answer to the country imam, but exert power over district imams.

Fethullah Gulen - Wielding Power and Influence from the Shadows

Hizmet supporters in Istanbul protesting the government’s harassment of journalists. (Photo Credit: Sedat Suna/European Pressphoto Agency)

The formation of parallel state and lobby groups gradually spread to other countries, post-Soviet states being first among them. At first these were de-facto Turkish lobby groups, because Gulen had active ties to Erdogan, but then they became his private empire which has links to the US, pan-Turkists, and Turkish nationalists. For example, after some negative incidents involving Gulen school graduates, Uzbekistan fully forbade them on its territory; however, Uzbekistan is an exception, because Gulenist graduates are free to operate in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Most of Gulen’s schools have been closed in Russia. Azerbaijan has also begun initiating active countermeasures against Gulen’s structures.

FUTURE PROSPECTS

In spite of Gulen’s advanced age, he has many followers who will seek to lead this post-modern empire or divide it into parts. These people will have colossal influence, given their ties in business and politics, and also their ability to influence national institutions. It’s quite apparent that Gulen is seeking his ideology’s dominance on the territory of Turkey at a minimum, on the territory of Turkic-language states and parts of Russia as preferable, and even on a more global scale if possible. He and his organization are taking measures to ensure these aims are being fulfilled. There are certain results being achieved, not only in the post-Soviet space. Most of the Turkology in Europe, the discipline of humanities sciences focused on the study of Turkey, is one way or another tied to the Gulen organization. There is a similar situation in the US, where most of the graduates of the so-called Gulen schools already work within US governmental structures, and where most research on Turkey is being conducted by people close to or linked to Gulen organizations.

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  • la Cariatide

    look for sibel edmonds on that. former fbi translator, gaged by the us state. she created newsbud. it is not an add for newsbud, newsbud ain’t *free* like our dear Southfront is :)

    just to share informations. you know.. Internet : inter-networks.

  • Real Anti-Racist Action

    If Turks were not allowed to invade other countries, then this would have never happened to Turkey.
    He should be deported back to the land of his ancestors, and the problem will be solved.
    All Turks in Europe back to Turkey, all Europeans in Turkey back to Europe.
    No more Americans in Turkey ever, and no Turks living outside of Turkey.
    This is equality and fairness to everyone!

    • matt

      Ridiculous

  • Carol Davidek-Waller

    Gulen the CIA asset that tried to have the inconvenient Mr. Erdogan assassinated? Wielding power of a sort…..

  • Dr. Ronald Cutburth

    Very informative analysis

  • Johnpd

    Gulen is a CIA asset, currently being protected on a vast US estate by his CIA minders.
    He is one aspect of the U$/UK/ZIO/Bankster Western Empire strategy to destroy ALL countries & get a Totalitarian World Govt, with vast depopulation.
    Book: The Lost Hegemon whom the gods would destroy, by F. William Engdahl.

  • Nikolay

    So, Albert Pike No.2 under Mohammedian sauce? Oh, shaitan…

  • Feudalism Victory

    Ooh spooky!

    Sounds like a boogeyman to use an excuse for anything.

  • World_Eye

    CIA is behind all the freaky shit is been going on eveywhereeeeee

  • So? In US we get a choice between McCain and Obama. Two shitheads. Why shouldn’t Turks also have a choice between two shitheads?

  • joevid

    One think all Muslims support is the murder and dispossession of millions of Armenian from their historical homeland in Eastern Turkey.

  • eako.baran

    No doubt Gulenists are serving the globalists/their agenda which is to take down all Nation-States.
    (CIA asset – yes for sure)

  • Brother Ma

    Gulen was and is a wolf in sheep’s clothing.He was and still is involved with Chechen headchoppers as was and is Erdogan.Erdogan was Gulen’s disciple until their spectacular falling out. Soros helped bankroll Erdogan to power …soros “open soceities”anyone?

    Both were and are zionatoyanqui lapdogs until Erdogan’s fall from grace.
    Why would US cultivate these dogs? So as to bring into line any euro or mid east country that bucked US control. Who do you think supported,trained and treated the isis wounded etc.Turkey. FSA anyone?

    Putin has not forgiven these two dogs for the beheading of the Russian soldiers by these Gulen Erdogan followers and chechens only around fifteen to twenty years ago. If he did not need him ,Putin would have had Erdogan’s by now.

    So in conclusion,this Gulen/ Erdogan fight is just a good cop/ bad cop spat .Both are toxic and need a good neutralisation!

    All the above are facts and all readily available for those interested.

  • Tommy Jensen

    Just because Gulen were talking with American youth he is guilty of everything including hungry children in Kosovo.
    Gulen was in favour of freedom. Freedom for Kurdistan and Israel, and Gulen also loved American culture and ancient history.

  • Feudalism Victory

    Did erdogan buy southfront? Very pro turkish not very impartial.

  • Skagos

    During the cold war, US visits Turkey to create unions that spreads Islam influence to counter comunism. Fethullah Gulen happens to be the president of a union created by US.

    Also, did you know that Russia around 2011 visited Turkey and then closed ALL schools, charities etc. that were related to Gulen?

    Lastly, there is a book I have called “Truncheons of Fethullah Gulen” written in the 90s. 10 pages into the book, it literally says this “Fethullah Gulen’s Cemaat/Hizmet movement is an organisation owned by CIA”.

    Evidence was ALWAYS there. Gulen and Erdogan was just sharing the power until one day Gulen asked for even more power and Erdogan retaliated. In return, Gulen attempted the coup, hoping to gain the success of pro-Ataturk people in the army but on the contrary, the very people he hoped to gain support of also fought against his coup.