Evaluation of U.S. Military & Security Policies in 2015

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The Obama administration released its second National Security Strategy report at the beginning of 2015. Compared with the 2010 report, the new report displays a more confident tone, believing that the U.S. is stronger now with better internal and external environment, so it claims that “the question is never whether America should lead, but how we lead”.

Evaluation of U.S. Military & Security Policies in 2015

Image: navy.com

Originally appeared at China Military Online

With such confidence, the U.S. has adopted more aggressive and ambitious military and security policies in 2015.

Such confidence and aggressiveness is first reflected in the strategic reports and documents of the American military. The National Military Strategy released by the Joint Chiefs of Staff in July 2015 stated that “Forward deployed, rotational, and globally responsive forces regularly demonstrate the capability and will to act. Should deterrence fail to prevent aggression, the U.S. military stands ready to project power to deny an adversary’s objectives and decisively defeat any actor that threatens the U.S. homeland, our national interests, or our allies and partners. ”

A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower: Forward, Engaged, Ready, a report jointly released by the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard, put forth the unprecedented concept of “all domain access”. It means that ” This function assures appropriate freedom of action in any domain—the sea, air, land, space, and cyberspace, as well as in the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum.”

America’s military confidence and aggressiveness has reached a height never reached before. Not satisfied with sea and air advantages any more, it has begun to pursue comprehensive advantages and vows to deter and defeat “any rival”.

Under such circumstances, the U.S. has obviously sped up its moves for the Asia Pacific military “rebalancing” in 2015 with more high-profile and aggressive actions. This acceleration partly stems from America’s strategic confidence and partly from the push by high-ranking military and political officials in the United States.

The acceleration is reflected in three aspects. First, the American military has intensified its deployments in the Asia Pacific region. While increasing sea and air forces to the region, it has paid more attention to improving its deployments there, upgrading the equipment and refining the combat concept, so as to comprehensively enhance the combat capability of American troops in the region, especially the capability of “all domain access”.

In addition to advanced equipment that’s currently in service such as the F-22 warplane, P-8A reconnaissance plane and Virginia-class nuclear submarine, the U.S. also plans to deploy a series of equipment that hasn’t been commissioned yet to the Asia Pacific region, including the Zumwalt-class destroyer and X-47B and MQ-4C UAV.

Second, it has intensified and expanded the system of allies and partners. By revising the Guidelines for Japan-U.S. Defense Cooperation, launching with ROK the 4D combat program targeting the DPRK, promoting the U.S.-Japan-ROK intelligence cooperation and anti-missile integration, and strengthening the military & security cooperation with India and Southeast Asian countries, the U.S. strives to establish a U.S.-dominated military & security system covering the entire “India & Asia Pacific region”.

Third, it has played an active part in regional disputes concerning China. For example, the U.S. has announced on many public occasions that the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty applies to the Diaoyu Islands, sent warships to 12 nautical miles from islands and reefs of the South China Sea, and dispatched P-8A reconnaissance plane and B-52 bombers to approach relevant islands and reefs.

It has also provided more military support to claimant countries for South China Sea islands and reefs in Southeast Asia, instigated those countries to unite against China, hyped up the South China Sea issue on multilateral occasions, and enticed external forces such as Japan, India, Australia and the EU to engage in the South China Sea disputes.

However, taking itself as a “world cop”, the U.S. also carries many “tasks” it has to fulfill around the world.

In Europe, the prolonged Ukraine crisis has forced the U.S. to intensify its military presence there, particularly Eastern Europe, including improving the military deployments, assigning more heavy-duty ground equipment and the most advanced warplanes, and carrying out more frequent military exercises in Eastern Europe.

It also has to increase the economic and military aid to Ukraine in order to keep the new government going.

In the Middle East, the Syria crisis has lasted many years without any sign of a solution. The IS has not only gained ground there, but has reached out to North Africa, South Asia, Central Asia and even Europe and the U.S. The terrorist attack in Paris made the U.S. feel more keenly the tangible threat posed by IS, so it has increased its forces in the Middle East and begun to have dialogues with Russia on anti-terrorist activities in that region.

To mitigate the concerns of its allies in the Middle East, the U.S. has planned to increase the number of its vessels there from the current 30 to 40 in 2020.

In Southern Asia, Taliban has made a comeback and the IS has also made aggressive inroads there, resulting in the continuous aggravation of the security situation in Afghanistan and forcing the U.S. to repeatedly adjust and delay its plan to withdraw troops from there.

In fact, none of those hotspot issues can be solved easily or in the short term. They will drag the American military’s feet from turning to the Asia Pacific and will affect America’s investment of resources and energy in the region.

Therefore, it’s not easy for the U.S. to concentrate on the Asia Pacific region.

The U.S. has always been ambitious in military and security, and its ambition is bolstered by rich resources and powerful allies, but there are so many things on its plate that it simply cannot have it all.

In sum, for those who formulate and implement the American military and security policies, the year of 2015 is an ambitious, busy and also frustrating year.

The author is Jia Chunyang, associate fellow with the American Institute under China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, and the opinions expressed here don’t represent views of China Military Online website.

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  • Here is a Protocols meeting in 1952, 63 years ago,. and as you can see, they have such Protocols meetings every year. What do they discuss?

    Perhaps the 1952 Protocols meetings minutes will give us an idea:

    Full speech of Rabbi Emanuel Rabinovich before a

    special meeting of the Emergency Council of
    European Rabbis in Budapest,

    Hungary, January 12, 1952 :

    Greetings,

    my children : You have been called here to recapitulate the principal steps of

    our new programme.

    As

    you know, we had hoped to have twenty years
    between wars to consolidate the

    great gains which we made from World War II, but
    our increasing numbers in

    certain vital areas is arousing opposition to
    us, and we must now work

    with every means at our disposal to precipitate
    World War III within five years.

    The

    goal for which we have striven so concertedly
    for three thousand years is at

    last within our reach, and because its
    fulfillment is so apparent, it behooves

    us to increase our efforts, and our caution,
    tenfold.

    I

    can safely promise you that before ten years
    have passed, our race will take

    its rightful place in the world, with every Jew
    a king, and every Gentile a

    slave.(Applause from the gathering).

    You

    remember the success of our propaganda campaign
    during the 1930’s, which

    aroused anti-American passions in Germany at the
    same time we were arousing

    anti-German passions in America, a campaign
    which culminated in the Second

    World War.

    A

    similar propaganda campaign is now being waged
    intensively throughout the

    world.

    A

    war fever is being worked up in Russia by an
    incessant anti-American barrage,

    while a nationwide anti-Communist scare is
    sweeping America. This campaign is

    forcing all of the smaller nations to choose
    between the partnership of Russia

    or an alliance with the United States.

    Our

    most pressing problem at the moment is to
    inflame the lagging militaristic

    spirit of the Americans. The failure of the
    Universal Military Training

    Act was a great setback to our plans, but we are
    assured that a suitable

    measure will be rushed through congress
    immediately after the 1952

    elections.

    The

    Russian, as well as the Asiatic peoples, are
    well under control and offer no

    objections to war, but we must wait to secure
    the Americans.

    This

    we hope to do with the issue of anti-Semitism,
    which worked so well in uniting

    the Americans against Germany.

    We

    are counting heavily on reports of anti-Semitic
    outrages in Russia to help whip

    up indignation in the United States and produce
    a front of solidarity against

    the Soviet power.

    Simultaneously, to demonstrate

    to Americans the reality of anti-Semitism, we
    will advance through new sources

    large sums of money to outspokenly anti-Semitic
    elements in America to increase

    their effectiveness, and we shall stage
    anti-Semitic outbreaks in several of

    their larger cities.

    This

    will serve the double purpose of exposing
    reactionary sectors in America, which

    can be silenced, and of welding the United
    States into a devoted anti-Russian

    unit.

    Within

    five years, this programme will achieve its
    objective, the Third World War,

    which will surpass in destruction all previous
    contests. Israel, of course

    will remain neutral, and when both sides are
    devastated and exhausted we will

    arbitrate, sending our Control Commission into
    all wrecked countries.

    This

    war will end for all time our struggle against
    the Gentiles.

    We

    will openly reveal our identity with the races
    of Asia and Africa. I

    can state with assurance that the last generation
    of white children is now

    being born.

    Our

    Control Commissions will, in the interests of
    peace, and wiping out “our”

    inter-racial tensions, forbid the whites to mate
    with whites. The white women

    must cohabit with members of the dark races, the
    white men with black

    women.

    Thus

    the white race will disappear, for mixing the
    dark with the white means the end

    of the white man, and our most dangerous enemy
    will become only a memory.

    We

    shall embark upon an era of ten thousand years
    of peace and plenty, the Pax

    Judaica, and our race will rule undisputed over
    the world. Our superior

    intelligence will easily enable us to retain
    mastery over a world of dark

    peoples.

    Question from the gathering : ‘Rabbi Rabinovich,
    what

    about the various religions after the Third
    World War?’

    Rabinovich : There will be

    no more religions. Not only would the existence
    of a priest class remain a

    constant danger to our rule, but belief in an
    after-life would give spiritual

    strength
    to irreconcilable elements in many countries, and enable them to

    resist us.

    We

    will, however, retain the rituals, and customs
    of Judaism, as the mark of our

    hereditary ruling caste, strengthening our
    racial laws so that no Jew will be

    allowed to marry outside our race, nor will any
    stranger be accepted by us.

    We

    may have to repeat the grim days of World War
    II, when we were forced to let

    the Hitlerite bandits sacrifice some of our
    people, in order that we may have

    adequate documentation and witnesses to legally
    justify our trial and execution

    of the leaders of America and Russia as war
    criminals, after we have dictated

    the Peace. I am sure you will need little
    preparation for such a duty, for sacrifice

    has always been the watchword of our people, and
    the death of a few thousand

    Jews in exchange for world leadership is indeed
    a small price to pay.

    To

    convince you of the certainty of that
    leadership, let me point out to you how

    we have turned all of the inventions of the
    white man into weapons against him.

    His printing presses and radios are the mouthpieces
    of our desires, and his

    heavy industry manufactures the instruments
    which he sends out to arm Asia and

    Africa against him. Our interest in Washington
    are greatly extending the Point

    Four Programme for developing industry in
    backward areas of the world, so that

    after the industrial plants and cities of Europe
    and America are destroyed by

    atomic warfare, the whites can offer no
    resistance against the large masses of

    the dark races, who will maintain an
    unchallenged technological superiority.

    And

    so, with the vision of world victory before you,
    go back to your countries and

    intensify your good work, until that approaching
    Light when Israel will reveal herself

    in all her glorious destiny as the Light of the
    World.