Construction of a new radar, part of the Missile Attack Warning System in Crimea will begin in the near future, Interfax reported citing the developer of the project.
The 10-storey Voronezh radar of the missile attack warning system’s design work is underway and construction work is expected to begin soon, the General Director of the Missile Attack Warning System Sergey Boev said.
In November 2017, Boev told Interfax that a new Voronezh radar would be constructed for the Russian military in Crimea. At the end of November 2018, a source in the Crimean authorities told the agency that the construction of a new Voronezh-M radar station of the Miss Attack Warning System is planned to begin in the Sevastopol region in 2019, at the location of the Dnepr radar station.
The Interfax’s source emphasized that the new radar would significantly surpass the Dnepr station in its combat capabilities, which covered, among other things, the Middle East region and could “see” the launches of ballistic missiles of various bases at ranges up to 3.5 thousand km.
The Voronezh-M radar station is Russia’s over-horizon early warning radar, which can detect space and aerodynamic targets, including ballistic and cruise missiles.
In October 2019, the deputy commander of the Space Forces, Major General Igor Morozov, announced that the construction of the station was planned to be completed by 2024.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Dnepr station in Sevastopol departed to Ukraine and was rented out by Russia for some time, but because of the break in relations between Kiev and Moscow, the contract ended. Following that, the Dnepr station remained inactive for approximately 10 years and has become unusable.
The radar appears to be quite effective, as there are reports that it is specifically this sort of radar Russia was helping China develop.
In early October, Russian President Vladimir Putin told the Valdai International Discussion Club that Russia was helping China to develop its national missile attack early warning system. This system will drastically increase China’s defense capabilities.
“The existence of the missile attack early warning system in China based on Russian technologies and solutions, coupled with China’s strategic nuclear forces, improves transparency and predictability and reduces the risks of wrong actions and mistakes by the Chinese military and political leadership,” he Editor-in-Chief of the National Defense journal Igor Korotchenko told TASS.
“First of all, these are the technologies of over-the-horizon radars capable of detecting the launches of ground- and sea-based intercontinental ballistic missiles,” the expert noted.
Editor-in-Chief of the Arsenal of the Fatherland journal Viktor Murakhovsky told TASS that these could be the Voronezh meter- and decimeter-range missile early warning radars (Voronezh-M and Voronezh-DM radar stations developed by RTI Systems Group).
A Voronezh-M is claimed to cost 2.85 billion rubles [approx. $44.5 million] and a Voronezh-DM 4.3 billion rubles [approx. $67 million]. This compares to the 5-billion-ruble [approx. $78 million] cost of a Dnepr and 19.8 billion rubles [approx. $310 billion] for a Daryal.
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