The statements and actions of the Israeli leadership fuel a significant antagonism among Arab population of the Middle East and especially in the camp of supporters of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. However, if we want understand the situation more deeply, it is worth to identify their vision of the position and role of Israel in the modern world.
So, how do the Israeli elites describe their country?
They describe Israel as a sovereign strong state capable of pursuing an active policy in the region and influencing world processes that could affect the interests of the state. At the same time, the state is surrounded by irreconcilable enemies, who try to destroy it or at least diminish the security of Israel.
The interests of Israel are openly declared:
- Physical security of the entire territory under the current control of Israel and its Israeli population;
- Preventing the emergence in the region of any force capable of throwing a strong challenge to Israel;
- Domination of the interests of Israel in the region.
Some experts say that Israel has a desire to expand its borders. However, this issue causes much controversy inside the Israeli leadership in contrast to the above mentioned 3 aspects.
Accordingly, Israel makes all efforts to ensure that in the immediate vicinity of its borders will be no force, country or group of countries whose systemic actions, international and information activities or military actions might damage Israeli interests.
There are no any threats from the south. Israel and Saudi Arabia are in fact the closest allies in the region. From the west, from Egypt, the threat is only hypothetical and is likely only in the perspective of 5-10 years. Currently Israel and Egypt are pursuing a coordinated foreign policy under the auspices of the United States.
Another thing is the east, where Iran is located. The Iranian elites are not a part of the world “pro-American” oligarchy, unlike the elites of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, Turkey and other country. Thus, the Iranian elites have to depict the interests and desires of the regional population more adequately. At the same time, the population of the region, both Sunni and Shiite, in its mass perceives Israel as an aggressor and irreconcilable enemy of the entire Arab world.
In the current situation, the civil war in Syria became a gift for Israel. Israel is strong enough to repel a direct military aggression by any terrorist organization. Its eastern borders have been strengthened, and a significant buffer zone has been created.
The Israeli elites see urging of chaos and civil conflicts in the surrounding countries, specifically in Syria, as the most effective strategy for ensuring the interests of the state. This explains the Israeli actions towards the Syrian crisis. Aid and supplies to militants in the border area, air strikes against Syrian government forces, destructive foreign policy activity and so on are just a logical part of the described logic.